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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Smith, J. A.
Should not our factories be so equipped as to make either butter or cheese, as the market demands?,   pp. 69-76 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 76

WiscownSI DAMYX's AssoNiaAo 
parison, that the butter market is the ocean, while the cheese mar- 
ket is only an am of the sea We sell to England about *12,000,000 
worth of cheese per annum and think it a great thing. But England 
pays about $60,000,000 per annum to other countries, chiefly those 
on the continent of Europe, for butter. For ourselves, the money 
value of our butter is nine times that of the cheese; and what is 
better still, nearly aU of it, and especially the best of it, has a home
market. If we did not export a pound- and we don't export 
much -we should hardly know the difference. But we export 
one-third of the cheese made; and if the exportation should wholly 
cease many a whole-milk cheese factory would collapse. The mar- 
ket for one-third of our cheese is largely dependent on the fraternal 
relations sustained with foreign nations, chiefly England. The 
market for that excess at home, should exportation cease, would be 
dependent on a change of tastes and habits of our people. That 
change ought to come and will come. On the other hand, the 
market for butter is with our own people. We have not to educate 
them into a love of good butter, but only to manage to have the 
reasonable, healthy prosperity to enable them to earn the money to 
buy it with, and the market is sure. So true is this, that while 
complete non-exportation of cheese would be depressing to ex- 
clusive cheese factory interests, it would not greatly affect the great 
dairy interest; for one-third of the milk now made into cheese could 
be made into butter without causing more than a ripple in the 
butter interest. It takes one billion three hundred and thirty- 
three million of pounds of milk to make one-third of the cheese. 
That amount of milk would only make about sixty-six million 
pounds of butter, which would not be a formidable quantity to add 
to one billion five hundred million. A severe drouth or an extra 
hard winter will vary the production more than that often. So 
it will be seen the men who work in the interest of butter have in 
it the immensely larger market; and hence, notwithstanding the 
ghost of oleomargarine, it is a safe occupation, if you make i 
'gilt-edg ed ." 

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