Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
Smith, J. A.
Should not our factories be so equipped as to make either butter or cheese, as the market demands?, pp. 69-76 PDF (1.7 MB)
WiscownSI DAMYX's AssoNiaAo parison, that the butter market is the ocean, while the cheese mar- ket is only an am of the sea We sell to England about *12,000,000 worth of cheese per annum and think it a great thing. But England pays about $60,000,000 per annum to other countries, chiefly those on the continent of Europe, for butter. For ourselves, the money value of our butter is nine times that of the cheese; and what is better still, nearly aU of it, and especially the best of it, has a home market. If we did not export a pound- and we don't export much -we should hardly know the difference. But we export one-third of the cheese made; and if the exportation should wholly cease many a whole-milk cheese factory would collapse. The mar- ket for one-third of our cheese is largely dependent on the fraternal relations sustained with foreign nations, chiefly England. The market for that excess at home, should exportation cease, would be dependent on a change of tastes and habits of our people. That change ought to come and will come. On the other hand, the market for butter is with our own people. We have not to educate them into a love of good butter, but only to manage to have the reasonable, healthy prosperity to enable them to earn the money to buy it with, and the market is sure. So true is this, that while complete non-exportation of cheese would be depressing to ex- clusive cheese factory interests, it would not greatly affect the great dairy interest; for one-third of the milk now made into cheese could be made into butter without causing more than a ripple in the butter interest. It takes one billion three hundred and thirty- three million of pounds of milk to make one-third of the cheese. That amount of milk would only make about sixty-six million pounds of butter, which would not be a formidable quantity to add to one billion five hundred million. A severe drouth or an extra hard winter will vary the production more than that often. So it will be seen the men who work in the interest of butter have in it the immensely larger market; and hence, notwithstanding the ghost of oleomargarine, it is a safe occupation, if you make i 'gilt-edg ed ."
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