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Chittenden, Alfred K. (Alfred Knight), 1879-1930 / The taxation of forest lands in Wisconsin

General description,   pp. 9-20 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 11

little elm. Just how long the present stand will last is hard to de-
termine. At present no great amount of cutting is going on, and unless
the annual cut is greatly increased, it will be at least twenty-five years
before the county is entirely cut over. There is a considerable amount
of land in this county, especially in the eastern part, which is non-
agricultural in character and which can be best adapted to timber
  Most of the cut-over land in Forest county is good clay loam, well
suited to agriculture, and farming will doubtless become of increas-
ing importance. There are many areas, however, on which farming
is out of the question. Probably about 10 per cent of the total area
is swamp, and perhaps fully as much is suited only for timber growth
because of its rocky and hilly or sandy nature. The northwestern
quarter of the county is made up largely of sandy pine lands, and
much of the southwest is hilly and rocky. This is one of the best
wooded counties in the state, although most of the pine has long since
been removed. The forests in the southern part have always been
largely hardwoods and hemlock with scattering pine. There are some
very good quality hardwoods, and lumbering is extensive. A rough
approximation would show about 15 per cent of the area to be swamps
and lakes, 20 per cent cut-over, principally pine removed, and about
65 per cent timbered.  The remaining timbered area will probably
average 100,000 board feet per "forty."  This would give a total
stand for the county of nearly one and three-quarters billion feet. If
the present rate of cutting is continued it will not take much over
fifteen years to remove all of the merchantable timber.
  The southern part of Iron county is rather level with a sandy soil,
.and numerous swamps. The central part is clayey and inclined to be
rolling and rocky, while the northern part is fairly level with a clay
loam soil, gravelly in places. Practically all the pine has been cut
and approximately 46 per cent of the hardwood and hemlock. The
remaining hardwood and hemlock is estimated at about one billion
board feet, and will run from 3,000 to 5,000 board feet to the acre.
The predominant species are hemlock, birch, maple and tamarack, with
scattering basswood and elm. This timber is found in two bodies, the
largest of which comprises the south half of T. 46, R. 1 W., T. 45, Rs.
1 W., 1, 2, and 3 E.; T. 44, R. 1. W., and Rs. 1, 2, 3, and 4 E.;
and T. 43, R. 1 E. The other body comprises the southern tier of town-
  Lumbering operations are not being carried on very extensively.

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