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Chittenden, Alfred K. (Alfred Knight), 1879-1930 / The taxation of forest lands in Wisconsin

General description,   pp. 9-20 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 10

Only about a per cent of the original stand is left. The remaining
timber is situated principally in the towns of Mason and Drummond.
The first will probably be cut out in four or five years, while in the
latter, operations will doubtless continue for a long time.
  The good farming soil is very scattered, and there are no large
tracts of it. The bulk of the land in this county is best suited for forest
growth. Practically every acre of cut-over land has been more or less
severely burned by forest fires, and the young growth does not amount
to much, because it is seldom able to reach sufficient size to withstand
the fires before it is burned over.
  The northern third of Douglas county has a fairly fertile red clay
soil. and the southern part is very sandy; the central part is inter-
mediate between these two. Hardwood timber is now very scarce; the
best stands have been cut out, and at present there are only a few
portable mills cutting hardwood in the county.  Most of the pine
also has been cut, and practically all that is left is situated in three
townships in the town of Summit. In all there is probably not more
than 100.000,000 feet, and this is being rapidly removed and sawed
outside of the county. Very large areas of both Norway and white
pine are coming back, usually under a stand of popple and birch. Ex-
tensive areas, how, ever, are barren waste, with nothing but scrub and
inferior species occupying the ground. The present supply can last
only about three or four years more at the present rate of cutting.
  Prolablly one-half of the county is more valuable for growing timber
than for any other purpose. The heavy red clay of the north; is considered
very fertile, and should make fairly good farming land. Many people
insist that even the most sandy areas in the southern part are well
adapted to hay and eattle raising, but there seems little doubt that
the use of such lands for timber production is far more advisable.
  Much of the eastern part of Florence county is somewhat sand3,
while the central and western part has a loam typical of hardwood
land. Along the northern edge it is rocky and hilly, and in the north-
western part there is considerable swamp land. Outside of the two
localities last mentioned the land is rolling and in places fairly level.
Practically all of the pine has been cut off. At present about 40
per cent of the county is timbered with hardwood and hemlock,
most of which is found in the two western tiers of townships. The
best information obtainable would indicate that there remain ap-
proximately 490,000,000 feet of hardwoods and hemlock. The hard-
woods consist principally of maple, birch and basswood, with very

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