Early history of Ozaukee County, Wisconsin
History of Ozaukee County, pp. 1-4
History of Ozaukee County Since there were two outstanding German-born citizens on the Board, one would think they would have taken their fellow Germans under their wings. But means of commnication, even through newspapers, were not universal in those days as they are today. As the old country class-consciousness was still strong, the German Board members may have felt it was their place to call up the men and the peasant's place to obey without question. At any rate, all members of the Draft Board happened to be Masonic Lodge members. The rioters were German and Luxembourger farmers and workmen who looked with suspicion on secret societies. Many of the farmers had Just cleared their lend and could not leave their families with no one to do the planting and harvesting. They noted that many Masonic Lodge members had purchased Immunity from the draft; (a legal practice in Civil War Days, substitutes being hired with the money collected) and it so happened that certain sinister characters had approached the German farmers representing themselves to be Government agents and collecting draft imminity money frcm the farmers, which they pocketed and disappeared. Since most Germans had cmae to this country to escape Europe's senseless wars, their wrath was understandable. Frcm that time to the present day, great pains are taken here in appointing committees and boards of social or political organizations that represent all religious and social groups. Old Timers still admonish every newcomer who has the task of appointing committees. Through their gymnsstic societies (Turnveriens), singing societies (Gesangveriens), bands, orchestras, and German reading clubs, the German born citizens taught their Yankee friends an appreciation of German culture. Many Yankee children were sent to tIe German Sisters to learn music and fine needle- work.
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