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Mitchel, Martin; Osborn, Joseph H. / Geographical and statistical history of the county of Winnebago ... to which is prefixed a general view of the state of Wisconsin, together with a census table from its first settlement to the present time.

Wisconsin,   pp. [7]-51 PDF (10.4 MB)

Page 8

8                     WISCONSIN.
predominates in the lower timber and prairie lands; loam in
the openings, and rolling prairies; and by turns, almost every
variety in the upland heavy timber in the northern part of the
State. Throughout the State the streams of water are more
or less fringed with timber. That a geographic sketch of
any section of country should serve the purpose of utility by
instructing the understanding of the reader, it is indispensably
necessary that it should be so drawn as to give a correct
idea of its connexion with, and relations to other locations
of which the reader has some previous knowledge; otherwise
it would be like an attempt to describe some definite portion
of infinite space, an abortive labor. So also of history;
whether of a nation, a particular section, or an individual;
we must be instructed of the influences of surrounding circum-
stances, or we gain no full knowledge of the subject of such
history.  And as the object and design of this work is "to
gather from still living witnesses and preserve for the future
annalist, the important record of the romantic and teeming
past; to seize, while yet warm and glowing, and inscribe upon
the page which shall be sought hereafter, the bright visions
of song, and fair images of story, that gild the gloom and
lighten the sorrows of the ever fleeing present; to search all
history with a careful eye; sound all philosophy with a care-
ful hand; question all experience with a fearless tongue, and
thence draw lessons to fit us for, and light to guide us -through
the shadowy, but unknown future."
To enable us, as near as possible to approximate to this
grand object, and to place the county of Winnebago in a clear
and comprehensive light; it will be necessary that we first
invite the attention of the reader to a general, but brief de-
scription of the State of Wisconsin; that having viewed the
whole, he may be the better prepared to judge of the past,
particularly presented for his consideration. The natural
wealth of Wisconsin consists in its mines, fisheries, forests,
and last; yet far above all, the inexhaustible treasure of fertility
in its soil; which in connexion with other advantages has
already made it one of the great producing States. The 
salubrity of its atmosphere and purity of its waters, so congenial
to health give it a preference in the mind of the emigrant to
locations of the greatest fertility which are not thus favored.
All the products common to temperate climates are success-

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