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Wisconsin and its opportunities : illustrated by photographs taken in northern Wisconsin

Burch, L. D.
Northern Wisconsin: a natural sheep country,   pp. [21]-25 PDF (1.1 MB)

Page [21]

THE region visited lies about 350
       miles north of Chicago, along
T     and tributary to the Wisconsin
       Central railway, and embraces
an area of about 3,500 square miles,
covering the counties of Price and Ash-
land and contiguous portions of Bay-
field and Iron counties. The great dis-
trict forms as nearly
as any the writer has seen in a quarter
century of almost constant travel be-
tween the great lakes and the snowy
range and from Manitoba southward
to middle Texas. It is for the most
part high and gracefully undulating
and from 600 to 2,000 feet above sea
level. It is interspersed with occa-
sional cedar, tamarack, spruce and
gravelly loams, reddish or chocolate
hued loams, and red clays. All of
these soils abound in lime phosphate,
lime carbonate, silica, alumina and
other properties of value. They are
warm, quick, porous, responsive soils,
most of them intermixed with a fair
measure of clay, and nearly every-
where supplemented by siliceous clay
subsoils. A better combination for
sheep farming or mixed farming could
scarcely be made up. They not only
  known to husbandry, but are the most
  bountiful in yield, considering the
  widely varying products suited to their
  versatile nature.  All of the grains,
Sheep Feasting on Northern Wisconsin Clover
black ash swamps, but these have nat-
ural drainage, and their rich and inex-
haustible vegetable soils have gener-
ally a basis in siliceous clays and
marls, and for productive uses are as
rich and enduring as the valley of the
Nile. Ninety per cent of the country is
dry land, always available to the tread
of the golden hoof.
   The soils of the uplands may be di-
 vided into three classes, viz., light
grasses and vegetables of the middle
latitudes grow here luxuriantly, as the
present season's crop attests, even
corn (though beyond the corn belt)
making a surprising growth. I saw
winter and spring wheat, oats, rye,
peas, potatoes, turnips, mangels, cab-
bage and garden plants and vegetables
as fine as can be found in any of the
older farm sections, and corn fields
good for 40 and 50 bushels per acre.
   * COL. L. D. BURCH is editor of the American Sheep Breeder, and for years
has been an authority
among the sheep men of the United States.

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