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Wisconsin and its opportunities : illustrated by photographs taken in northern Wisconsin
([1905?])

Crops,   pp. [14]-17 PDF (959.4 KB)


Page 15


Crops13
a riela Or Red Clover
that we can grow upon the Wisconsin
farm. Clover is the only crop that
will give us a good profit and leave
the soil better than it found it. The
clover plant is the nitrogen gatherer;
the microbes or germs, or maybe I had
better say the bacilli in the nodules of
the roots, are partly what give value to
the clover plant. They take nitrogen
from the air in the soil and feed it into
the clover plant, building up in the
roots, and especially in the crowns of
the roots, a great amount of nitrogen
that is very valuable as a fertilizer,
because people who are obliged to buy
commercial fertilizer are now paying
about sixteen cents a pound for it.
  The clover plant also has the ability
of going deep for its food stuff, for the
potash, the phosphoric acid, the min-
eral matters, the ash, that it stores up
in its body for the growing of bone in
your live stock.
  Again, clover is a drainage plant, be-
cause it runs its roots deep into the
bard subsoil, making an opening for
the water to get through and those
roots In that way add fertility and add
porosity to the soil below.
  Clover helps to make poor land rich,
and when properly handled helps to
make poor men rich; therefore, we say
it is a good crop."
                CORN.
  Although not in the corn belt, corn
is grown throughout Northern Wiscon-
sin, and successful results are obtained
with the early varieties. While it may
be best for the farmer not to rely too
much on corn for its grain value, yet
it is usually advisable to grow some
because of its abundant forage.
          RYE AND BARLEY.
  Rye and barley are both very reli-
able crops in Northern Wisconsin and
give heavy yields. The demand is ex-
cellent, and good prices can always be
obtained. The large Wisconsin brew
ers purchase Northern Wisconsin bar-
ley in preference to barley grown else-
where because of its superior qualities.
The area In the United States in which
good barley can be grown is limited,
and its price does not fluctuate like
that of other grains.
               WHEAT.
  Winter wheat is grown with a con-
siderable degree of success, but the
cumpetition of the wheat fields further
west do not make this crop the most
pmofitable one here, although the yield
per acre is often very high.
Crop s
is


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