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Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association / Transactions of the Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association, including a full report of the industrial convention held at Neenah, Wisconsin, February, 1886. Together with proceedings of the Association for 1884, to January 1, '86
Vol. XI (1886)

Henry, W. A.
Cornstalks compared with mixed hay and clover hay, for producing milk and butter,   pp. 245-262 PDF (3.3 MB)


Page 255


AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL ASSOCIATION.  255
hundred and a plow and harrow only worth fifty. You
have got to have a horse and plow to plow. There is no use
of saying a horse is worth more than the plow for farming.
It is this way: You have got to make three columns. The
hundred pounds of corn meal has eight pounds of lean
meat material or cheese material in it. It has sixty pounds
of fat and heat material; I will put the fat and heating ma-
terial together. We have eight pounds of lean meat mate-
rial and sixty pounds of heat and fat. A hundred pounds
of oats has about eight pounds, call it nine of lean meat
material and it has only about forty of heat and fat. You
can see that on account of the husk; so you see oats are
richer in lean meat material although it has not got any
more. A hundred pounds of the average straw has between
one and two pounds of lean meat material in it, about forty
pounds of heat and fat. You see how it is with animals
running to a straw stack can keep their bodies alive but
they cannot make any flesh. The steer has got to eat a
hundred pounds to get one or two pounds of material. He
uses that one or two pounds in getting to the straw and
chewing and digesting. When you put the oats or corn into
him you change it. A hundred pounds of straw has one or
two pounds of muscle material in it and about thirty or
forty pounds of heat. That is too much heat. I might say
oat straw is pretty nearly as good as oats. It is like the
horse and the plow, you cannot get along in plowing with-
out both. You see by this that you can save a good deal of
money in a year. That was the case of the large omnibus com-
pany in Paris; they wanted to find out whether they could
not keep their several thousand horses cheaper. They sent
to one of these chemists and had him analyze these foods.
The result was they got a new ration. They saved several
thousand dollars. You have got to make the animal cheaper.
Young man it is going to be a hard battle for you. Your
fathers were the old pioneers. You have got to take the
present property and make something out of it. You have
got to take it and leave it a very little higher than you
bought it and make your living out of it You have to
study problems that they sneer at, that they think beneath
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