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Madison Public Schools (Wis.); Instructional Materials Center / Cherokee marsh: a wetland to cherish

["Cherokee marsh - a wetland to cherish"],   pp. 7-17

Page 15

Just three miles south and downstream from the place 
the mound was built, the Catfish flowed into the first 
of the chain of four lakes linked by the river. The 
Winnebagos called the land of the four lakes "Tay- 
               Montage - four lakes 
More than one hundred years have passed since Indian 
tribes hunted and fished along the Catfish. Today 
200,000 people live in a city within a few miles of the 
mound. The river is now called the Yahara and the 
lakes it connects are named Mendota, Monona, Wau- 
besa, and Kegonsa. 
             Aerial view of four lakes 
The wetland along the river north of Lake Mendota is 
called Cherokee Marsh, although Cherokee Indians 
never lknew this wetland. While many of the marshes 
which were near the lakes are gone, most of Cherokee 
Marsh is still wild and wet, much as it was in Indian 
           Aerial of Cherokee Marsh 
However, part of the marsh was changed by a housing 
development after a long and bitter dispute between the 
developers and the City of Madison. The City had not 
acted soon enough to preserve this area. A small lake 
was made by dredging, some land was ditched and 
drained, and houses were built. 
            View of Cherokee Park 
The City's concern about the marsh is related to the 
condition of Lake Mendota. Because it is overfertilized 
by materials washing in, the lake is producing too 
many water plants and a scum of algae. When marshes 
are drained the lake gets more fertilizing material 
from the water draining out of the marsh. 
                   Algal scumJ 

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