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Madison Public Schools (Wis.); Instructional Materials Center / Cherokee Marsh: a wetland to cherish

[Our surface water - report of Dane County Planning Committee],   pp. 5-6

Page 6

      3. The Four Lakes (Mendota, Monona, Waubesa, and Kegonsa) - world famous
for their beauty and recreational 
 attributes. The unique fisheries for yellow perch and white bass have long
been a successful part of the Four Lakes 
      4. A Shrinking Wetland area-- a survey completed in 1958 indicates
the loss of 22,677 acres of wetland to drainage 
during a 20 year period (an acreage equivalent to nearly 140 Wisconsin farms).
This loss represents one-third of the 
wetlands that were inventoried in 1938. Indications are that the trend will
      The Surface Waters are used: 
      1. For fishing. Nearly 25,000 resident fishing licenses were sold in
Dane County in 1960, ranking it 3rd in the state. 
Considering all sources of anglers, nearly one-fourth to one-third of the
population fishes. Fishing continues good 
despite increased pressure. 
      2. For boating. Over 30,000 boats (est.) are owned by County residents.
Dane County is the 5th most used county 
in the state for boating. According to a recent Wisconsin Conservation Department's
estimate, over 5,000 registered 
boats are located permanently on the waters of Lakes Mendota and Monona alone.
Registered boats carry motors. 
Motors become faster and more powerful each year. Unregulated boating creates
conflict among the surface water users. 
      3. For swimming. Perhaps 50 per cent of the population participates
in beach activities. Dane County has 16 public 
beaches and 4 commercially operated beach areas. Nearly all require expansion
to accommodate population growth. 
     4. For hunting. In 1960 over 16,200 persons bought small game hunting
licenses in Dane County. National surveys 
estimate that nearly one-fifth this number hunt waterfowl, therefore receiving
direct benefits from open water and wetland 
areas. Moreover, marshlands provide optimum habitat for upland game birds,
and small game animals, therefore 
benefiting nearly all hunters. 
     Figure 7 delineates major wetland areas deserving preservation in the
public interest. Various governmental units 
and agencies should work cooperatively toward their preservation. 

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