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Turcheneske, John Anthony / The Ku Klux Klan in northwestern Wisconsin
([1971])

Chapter 1: introduction ,   pp. 1-21 PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 2

Herman L.. Ekern denied the Klan's application for incorporationo      Several
important reasons were given 
for this. For one thing, the Klan's constitution was so arranged that control
of the Wisconsin branch would come under Klan officials in Georgia. This
was contrary to the Wisconsin Statutes in that corporations of a non-stock
issuing nature were to be controlled from Wisconsin. Also, the first Klan
constitution was illegal in that Wisconsin members would, in effect, be denied
a voice in the organization' s business.4 
However, the Klan was successful in a latter attempt at incorporation. On
November 27, 1925, with the acceptance of its constitution by Secretary of
State Fred R.. Zimmerman, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan became a legal
corporation in the State of Wisconsin.5 Article Six stipulated that 
an applicant for membership must be white 
male Gentile person, a native born citizen of the United Stateb of America
who owes no 
allegiance of any nature whatever to any 
3Ekern to Zimmerman, April 20, 1925, Wynan Papers, Box 10.. 
41bide. 
5Letter Of John W. Reynolds to Walker D. Wyman, January 26, 1960, Wyman Papers,
Box 10. See also the original cover sheet to the Klan's Articles of Incorporation
as signed by Secretary of State Zimmerman. The cover sheet is dated November
27, 1925. Of additional interest is that a Ray C. Twining, a Iilwaukee attorney,
was on of the three individuals who affixed their signatures to the Articles..
Twining wolild later be involved in the Klan tent burning affair near Hudson.
See Chapter Six for details. 


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