Rivard, John T. / Triple centennial jubilee souvenir book : Somerset
Chapter V: period of growth, 1870-1900, pp. 17-23
Logging operations at McDermott's Camp on Ground House. Win- ter of 1892-1893. Elias Mitchell, Ox Driver. This is a photo of the old St. Croix Boom above Stillwater taken in 1872. This picture shows the way that they got out wanigan knees in the woods. These men are cutting down tamarack and spruce trees in order to secure knees for use in building wanigans used on the log drives in the spring. The tree was cut off about four feet from the ground, and then dug up by the roots which grew at a right angle to the trunk of the tree. These knees were used as the framework for the hull of the wanigan which was really a sort of barge or houseboat used to transport the cooking equipment on the drive. These wanigans were built during the winter months for up the river in the woods where everything had to be hewn out by hand, as there was no sawed lumber in these remote spots. Note the oxen which, for many years, were used instead of horses. This picture was taken about 1902 at Willow River, Pine County, Minnesota by Parker, photographer. View of Stillwater, Minnesota in 1899. The pontoon bridge and millyard of the East Side Lumber Company are in the foreground, with a raft of logs on the lake. 18 Log jam at Taylors Falls, Minnesota, on the St. Croix River in the year 1886. Estimated at one hundred and fifty million feet. Largest Load Pine Logs ever hauled on loggin sleds in Wis. or Minn. March 17th, 1909. Scale 71,770 ft., 19 ft. wide, 24 ft. high. Distance 3.4 mile. Teamster: Herman Siedenkrens. Horses' Names: Ballie, Nellie, Roudy and Dan. Top Loader: Geo. Villard. Foreman: Tom Boury. Logger: Lee Hammond, who logged in the winter of 1904 and 1905, 40,000,000 ft. on Lost Lake, Wis., this being largest amount of logs ever logged in one winter on sleighs by one loader in Wis. or Minn.
© Copyright 1956 by John T. Rivard