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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants
(1846)

Chapter XII,   pp. 214-231 PDF (3.0 MB)


Page 218


1I8TORY OF WISBONSAN.
falls to 3 cents per lb. in New York, it reduces it in
Galena below the cost of production. Half a cent a
pound seems a small difference between a state of
prosperity, and one of extreme depression, but in the
present commercial activity of the world, profits are
reduced by competition to a point where the slightest
reduction deranges the whole trade of a particular
article.
  An excellent road has recently been opened from
Milwaukie to the Mississippi, passing through the min-
ing district, which will be much used hereafter in
sending lead to the east, by way of the lakes. In 1842,
pigs of lead were shipped at Milwaukie, for New York,
amounting to 1.888.700 pounds, besides 2.614 kegs of
shot.
  When the canal is finished through Wiskonsan, this
vast lead freight will be floated through the lakes, and
the Erie canal to market. This business now gives
employment to hundreds of Keel and Flat boats, from
Galena to St. Louis, where it is re-shipped for New
Orleans, and there again re-shipped for New York or
Europe. By way of the lakes and the Erie canal, it
could be accomplished in fifteen days.
  The copper mining business of Wiskonsan is becom-
ing one of great importance, and is destined to add
much to the wealth of the territory. In 1841, 25.000
pounds were shipped east.
  Northern Michigan will, at some future day, also
become a great mining district. Mr. Featherstone-
augh's report to the General Government, represents
it as abounding in valuable minerals. In this Mr.
Owen's Geological report agrees, and, more recently,
218


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