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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants

Chapter XII,   pp. 214-231 PDF (3.0 MB)

Page 215

dangerous to travel the country, especially in the night
time. A valuable mine of copper is worked near Min-
eral Point, was discovered as early as 1829, but, until
lately, owing to great difficulties experienced in smelt-
ing, has not been worked to any advantage. In 1840,
this difficulty was overcome, and the mine is now
affording a rich harvest to the enterprising proprietors.
Iowa county is also rich in good farming lands, but,
owing to the insatiable thirst for immediate wealth,
instead of cultivating the surface, and becoming rich
by slow and sure means, the inhabitants have dug into
the bowels of the earth, and so pit-riddled the surface,
that agriculture is little attended to. The -whole of
the mineral country presents extraordinary facilities
and advantages, and possesses a rich and inexhaustible
soil. Mineral Point, the county seat, is situated on
the slope of a hill, between two branches of the Me-
nomonee, which abound in rich mineral veins of lead,
copper, and zinc. It has a Court House, Jail, and
Post Office, and about five hundred houses. Congress
has granted a valuable section of the public lands to
this manufacturing town. Inimense quantities of the
smelted minerals are annually transported by teams to
Galena and Milwaukie.
   The lead trade is rapidly on the increase. The
amount smelted in Wiskonsan and in the vicinity of
Galena the past year, exceeds the total number of
pounds produced annually in the whole United States,
four years ago.
   Lead mines are now worked in eight States The
following particulars are gathered from the census
taken in 1840.

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