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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Hoy, P. R.
Trees, shrubs and vines,   pp. 128-134 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 130

                                  HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
      SLIPPERY ELM- V. Fulva.-This smaller and less ornamental species is
also common. The
  wood, however, is much more valuable than the white elm, being durable
and splitting readily.
  It makes excellent rails, and is much used for the framework of buildings;
valuable for fuel;
  should be cultivated.
      WILD BLACK CHERRY-CeraSuS Serotina.-This large and beautiful species
of cherry is one
 ,of the most valuable of American trees. The wood is compact, fine-grained,
and of a brilliant
 reddish color, not liable to warp, or shrink and swell with atmospheric
changes; extensively em-
 ployed by cabinet-makers for every species of furnishing.  It is exceedingly
durable, hence is
 valuable for fencing, building, etc. Richly deserves a place in the lPwn
or timber plantation.
      BIRD CHERRY-C. Pennsylvanica.-Is a small northern species, common in
the state and
 worthy of cultivation for ornament.
      CHOKE CHERRY-C. Virginiana.-This diminutive tree is of little value,
not worth the trouble
 of cultivation.
      WILD PLUM-PrUnUS Americana.-The common wild plum when in full bloom
is one of the
 most ornamental of small flowering trees, and as such should tiot be neglected.
  The fruit is
 rather agreeable, but not to be compared to fine cultivated varieties, which
may be engrafted on
 the wild stock to the very best advantage. It is best to select small trees,
and work them on the
 roots. The g9rafts should be inserted about the middle of April.
      HACKBERRY-CelZis Occiden/alis.-This is an ornamental tree of medium
size; wood hard,
 close-grained and elastic; makes the best of hoops, whip-stalks, and thills
for carriages. The
 'Indians formerly made great use of the hackbeiry wood for their bows. A
tree worthy of a lim-
 ited share of attention.
     AMERICAN LINDEN OR BASSWooD---Tilia Americana.-Is one of the finest
ornamental trees for
 -public grounds, parks, etc., but will not thrive where the roots are exposed
to bruises; for this
 reetson it is not adapted to planting along the streets of populous towns.
The wood is light and
 tough, susceptible of being bent to almost any curve; durable if kept from
the weather; takes
 paint well, and is considerably used in the arts; for fuel it is of little
value.  This tree will
 flourish in almost any moderately rich, damp; bears transplanting
well; can be propagated
 readily from layers.
     WHITE THORN-Crataegus Coccinea, and DOTTED THORN-C. Punctata-.These
two species
 of thorn are found everywhere on the rich bottom lands. When in bloom they
are beautiful, and
 should be cultivated for ornament. The wood is remarkably compact and hard,
and were it not
 for the small size of the tree, would be valuable.
     CRAB APPLE-Pyrus Coronaria. -This common small tree is attractive when
covered with
its highly fragrant rose-colored blossoms. Wood bard, fine, compact grain,
but the tree is too
small for the wood to be of much practical value. Well worthy of a place
in extensive grounds.
     MOUNTAIN ASH-P. Americana.-This popular ornament to our yards is found
growing in
the. northern part of the state and as far south as 43'. The wood is useless.
     WHITE AsH-Eraxizus Acuminala.-Is a large, intteresting tree, which combines
utility with
beauty in an eminent degree.  The wood possesses strength, suppleness and
elasticity, which
renders it valuable for a great variety of uses. It is extensively employed
in carriage manufact-
uring; for various agricultural implements; is esteemed superior to any other
wood for oars;
excellent for fuel.  The white ash grows rapidly, and in open ground forms
one of the most
lovely trees that is to be found. The foliage is clean and handsome, and
in autumn turns from
its bright green to a violet purple hue, which adds materially to the beauty
of our autumnal syl-
van scenery.   It is richly deserving our especial care and protection, and
will amply repay all
labor and expense bestowed on its cultivation.

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