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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Hoy, P. R.
Trees, shrubs and vines,   pp. 128-134 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 129

      SWAMP CHESTNUT OAK-Q. Prinus.-This species of chestnut oak is a large,
graceful tree,
 wood rather open-grained, yet valuable for most purposes to which the oaks
are applied; makes
 the best fuelof any of this family. A rare tree, found at Janesville and
Brown's lake, near Burl
 lington. Worthy of cultivation.
     RED OAK-Q. ]?ubra.-The red oak is a well-known, common, large tree.
  The wood is
 coarse-grained, and the least durable of the oaks, nearly worthless for
fuel, and scarcely worthy
 of cultivation, even for ornament.
     PIN OAK-Q. Palustris.-This is one of the most common trees in many sections
of the
 state. The wood is of little value except for fuel. The tree is quite ornamental,
and should be
 sparingly cultivated for this purpose.
     SHINGLE OAK-Q. Zmbricaria.-Is a tree of medium size, found sparingly
as far north as
 Wisconsin. It is ornamental, and the wood is used for shingles and staves.
     SCARLET OAK-Q. Coccinea.-This is an ornamental tree, especially in autumn,
when its
 leaves turn scarlet, hence the name. Wood of little value; common.
     SUGAR MAPLE-Acer Sacc/zarium.--This well-known and noble tree is found
growing abun-
 dantly in many sections of the state. The wood is close-grained and susceptible
of a beautiful
 polish, which renders it valuable for many kinds of furniture, more especially
the varieties known
 as bird's-eye and curled maples. The wood lacks the durability of the oak;
consequently is not
 valuable for purposes where it will be exposed to the weather. For fuel
it ranks next to hickory.
 The sugar manufactured from this tree affords no inconsiderable resource
for the comfort and
 even wealth of many sections of the northern states, especially those newly
settled, where it
 would be difficult and expensive to procure their supply from a distance.
As an ornamental tree
 it stands almost at the head of the catalogue. The foliage is beautiful,
compact, and free from
 the attacks of insects. It puts forth its yellow blossoms early, and in
the autumn the leaves
 change in color and show the most beautiful tints of red and yellow long
before they fall. Worthy
 of especial attention for fuel and ornament, and well adapted to street-planting.
     RED MAPLE-A. ]Rubrum.-Is another fine maple of more rapid growth than
the foregoing
 species. With wood rather lighter, but quite as valuable for cabinet-work
-for fuel not quite so
 good. The young trees bear transplanting even better than other maples.
Though highly orna,
 mental, this tree hardly equals the first-named species.  It puts forth,
in early spring, its scarlet
 blossoms before a leaf has yet appeared. Well adapted to street-planting.
     MOUNTAIN MAPLE-A. Spicatum.-Is a small branching tree, or rather shrub,
found grow-,
 ing in clumps. Not worthy of much attention.
     SILVER MAPLE-A. Dasycarjum.-This is a common tree growing on the banks
of streams,
 especially in the western part of the state, grown largely for ornament,
yet for the purpose it is
 the least valuable of the maples. The branches are long and straggling,
and so brittle that they
 are liable to be injured by winds.
     Box MAPLE-Negundo Aceroides.-This tree is frequently called box elder.
It is of a rapid
growth and quite ornamental. The wood is not much used in the arts, but is
good fuel, Should
be cultivated. It grows on Sugar and Rock rivers.
     WHITE ELM--Ul'mus Americana.-This large and graceful tree stands confessedly
at the
head of the list of ornamental deciduous trees.  Its wide-spreading branches
and long, pendu-
lous branchlets form a beautiful and conspicuous head.   It grows rapidly,
is free from disease
and the destructive attacks of insects, will thrive on most soils, and for
planting along streets, in
public grounds or lawns, is unsurpassed by any American tree.   The wood
is but little used ia
the arts; makes good firewood; should be planted along all the roads and
streets, near every
dwelling, and on all public grounds.
I pa

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