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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 72


HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
protected from aggressive violence; that already seized must be retaken,
and the laws must
be executed in every State of the Union alike." "A demand,"
he added, " made upon Wiscon-
sin by the president of the United States, for aid to sustain the federal
arm, must meet with a
prompt response." The patriotism of the State was abundantly exhibited
in their filling up
a regiment before some of the remote settlements had any knowledge of the
call. On the twenty-
second, Governor Randall reported to the secretary of war that the First
regiment was ready
to go into rendezvous. The place designated was "Camp Scott," at
Milwaukee';' the day, the
twenty-seventh of April. Then and there the several companies assembled-the
regiment after-
ward-completing its organization.
     With a wise foresight, Governor Randall ordered, as a reserve force
and in advance of another
,call for troops by the president, the formation of two more regiments-the
Second and Third,
and, eventually, the Fourth. Camps at' Madison, Fond du Lac, and Racine,
were formed for
their reception, where suitable buildings were erected for their accommodation.
Companies
assigned to the Second regiment were ordered to commence moving into "Camp
Randall," at
Madison, on the first day of May. On the seventh, the secretary of war, under
call of the presi-
,dent of the United States for forty-two thousand additional volunteers-this
time for three years,
,or during the war-telegraphed Governor Randall that no more three months'
volunteers were
wanted; that such companies as were recruited must re-enlist for the new
term or be disbanded.
     At the extra session of the legislature of Wisconsin, which, as already
mentioned, com-
menced on the fifteenth of May, called by Governor Randall immediately upon
his being notified
of the second call of the president for troops, on the third of May, the
law hurriedly passed at
the close of the regular session, and under which the governor had organized
the First regi-
ment, Was found inadequate to meet the second call for troops. "A bill
was introduced, and became
a law, authorizing the governor to raise six regiments of infantry, inclusive
of those he had organ-
ized or placed at quarters. When the six regiments were mustered into the
United States service,
he was authorized to raise two additional regiments, and thus to keep two
regiments continually
i n reserve to meet any future call of the General Government. He was authorized
to quarter
and subsist volunteers at rendezvous-to transport, clothe, subsist and quarter
them in camp at
the expense of the State. Arms and munitions were to be furnished by the
United' States.
Recruits were to be mustered into State service, and into United States service,
for three years.
Two assistant surgeons to each regiment were to be appointed, and paid by
the State. The regi-
mnents, as they came into camp, were to be instructed in drill and various
camp duties, to secure
efficiency in the field. The troops, so called in, were to be paid monthly
by the State, the same
pay and emoluments as the soldiers in the United States army, from the date
of enlistment. The
paymaster general was authorized to draw funds from the State treasury for
the payment of
the State troops, and the expense incurred in subsisting, transporting and
clothing them. The
governor was authorized to purchase military stores, subsistence, clothing,
medicine, field and
camp equipage, and the sum of one million dollars was appropriated to enable
the governor to
.carry out the law."
     Other laws were passed relating to military matters. One authorized
the governor to pur-
,chase two t'housand stand of arms; and fifty thousand' dollars were appropriated
to pay for the
same. Another authorized counties, towns, cities and incorporated villages
to levy taxes for
the purpose of providing for the support of families of volunteers residing
in their respective
limits. The one passed at the previous session, exempting volunteers from
civil process vhile in
the service, was amended so as to. include all who might thereafter enlist.
One granted five dollars
per month as extra pay to enlisted volunteers having families dependent upon
them for support,
payable to their families. Another authorized the governor to employ such
aids, clerks, and
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