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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 71


WISCONSIN AS A STATE7
  were fully met by the people's representatives, they doing their whole
duty, as they then under-
  stood it, in aid of the perpetuity of the Union.
      Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty-four hours, until the quarters
were-entirely burned,
  the main gates destroyed, the gorge-wall seriously injured, the magazine
surrounded by flames,
  and its door closed from the effects of the heat, four barrels and three
cartridges of powder only
  being available, and no provisions but pork remaining, Robert Anderson,
major of the first
  artillery, United States army, accepted terms of evacuation offered by
General Beauregard,
  marched out of the fort on Sunday afternoon, the fourteenth of April, i861,
with colors flying
  and drums beating, bringing away company and private property, and saluting
his flag with fifty guns.
  This, in brief, is the story of the fall of Sumter and the opening act
of the War of the- Rebellion.
      "Whereas," said Abraham Lincoln, president, in his proclamation
of the next day, "the
 laws of the United States have been for some time past, and now are, opposed,
and the execution
 thereof obstructed, in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida,
Mississippi,
 Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the
ordinary course of
 judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by law."
  Now, in view of that
 fact, he called forth the militia of the several States of the Union, to
the aggregate number of
 seventy-five thousand, in order to suppress those combinations, and to cause
the laws to be duly
 executed. "A call is made on you by to-night's mail for one regiment
of militia for immediate
 service," telegraphed the secretary of war to Randall, on the same
day.
     In Wisconsin, as elsewhere, the public pulse quickened under the excitement
of the fall of
 Sumter. "The dangers which surrounded the nation awakened the liveliest
sentiments of
 patriotism and devotion. For the time, party fealty was forgotten in the
general desire to save
 the nation. The minds of the people soon settled into the conviction that
a bloody-war was at
 hand, and that the glorious fabric of our National Government, and the principles
upon which
 it is founded, were in jeopardy, and with a determination unparalleled in
the history of any
 country, they rushed to its defense. On every hand the National flag could
be seen displayed,
 and the public enthusiasm knew no bounds; in city, town, and hamlet, the
burden on every
 tongue was war." "We have never been accustomed," said Governor
Randall, " to consider the
 military arm as essential to the maintenance of our government, but an exigency
has arisen
 that demands its employment." "The time has come," he continued,
" when parties and plat-
 forms must be forgotten, and all good citizens and patriots unite together
in putting down rebels
 and traitors." "What is money," he asked, " what is
life, in the presence of such a crisis? "
 Such utterances and such enthusiasm could but have their effect upon the
legislature, which, it
 will be remembered, was still in session; so, although that body had already
voted to adjourn,
 sine die, on the fifteenth of April, yet, when the moment arrived, and a
message from the governor
 wag received, announcing that, owing to the extraordinary exigencies which
had arisen, an amend-
 ment of the law of the thirteenth instant was necessary, the resolution
to adjourn was at once
 rescinded. The two houses thereupon not only increased the amount of bonds
to be issued to
 two hundred thousand dollars, but they also passed a law exempting from
civil process, during
 the time of service, all persons enlisting and mustering into the United
States army from Wis-
 consin. When, on the seventeenth, the legislature did adjourn, the scene
was a remarkable one..
 Nine cheers were given for the star spangled banner and three for the Governor's
Guard, who
 had just then tendered their services-the first in the State-under the call
for a regiment of
 men for three months' duty.
     "For the first time in the history of this federal government,",are
the words of the gover-
nor, in a proclamation issued on the sixteenth of April, "organized
treason has manifested itself
within several States of the Union, and armed rebels are making war against
it." " The
treasuries of the country," said he, "must no longer be plundered;
the public property must be
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