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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 69


WISCONSIN AS A STATE.
or insurrection, or to repel inva ion within the United States,' and I was
authorized, and it was.
made my duty, to take such measures as, in my judgment, should provide in
the speediest and
most efficient manner for responding to such call: and to this'end I was
authorized to accept
the services of volunteers for active service, to be enrolled in companies
of not less than
seventy-five men each, rank and file, and in regiments of ten companies each.
I was also
authorized to provide for uniforming and equipping such companies as were
not provided with
uniforms and equipments." " The first call of the president for
imme~diate active service," con-
tinued the governor, "was for one regiment of men. My proclamation,
issued immediately after the
pas-sage of the act of the legislature, was answered within less than ten
days, by companies enough,
each containing the requisite number of men, to make up at least five regiments
instead of o.e.
I then issued another proclamation, announcing the offers that had been made,
and advising
that thereafter companies might be enrolled to stand as minute men, ready
to answer further
calls, as they might be made, but without expense to the State, except as
they were mustered
into service. In less than one month from the date of my first proclamation,
at least five thou-
sand men, either as individuals or enrolled companies, have offered their
services for the war,
and all appear anxious for active service in the field." " The
time for deliberation," concludes
the governor, " must give way to the time for action. The constitution
of the United States.
must be sustained in all its first intent and wholeness. The right of the
people of every State
to go into every other State and engage in any lawful pursuit, without unlawful
interference or
molestation; the freedom of speech and of the press; the right of trial by
jury; security fronr
unjustifiable seizure of persons or papers, and all constitutional privileges
and immunities, must
receive new guarantees of safety."
     The extra session of the legislature passed, wtih a single exception,
no acts except such as,
 appertained to the military exigencies of the times. Both houses adjourned
sinee die on the
 twenty-seventh of May, 186r. As the administration of Governor Randall would
close with the
 year, and as he was not a candidate for re-election, there was much interest
felt throughout the
 State as to who his successor should be. Three State tickets were put in
nomination: union,
 republican, and democratic. The*republican ticket was successful, electing
Louis P. Harvey,
 governor; Edward Salomon, lieutenant governor; James T. Lewis, secretary
of state; S. D_
 Hastings, state treasurer; James H. Howe, attorney general; W. H. Ramsey,
bank comp-
 troller; J. L. Pickard, superintendent of public instruction; and A. P.
Hodges, state prisoni
 commissioner.
           THE WAR OF SECESSION        LAST YEAR OF RANDALL'S, ADMINISTRATION.
     When Wisconsin was first called upon to aid the General Government in
its efforts to,.
sustain itself against the designs of the secession conspirators, the commercial
affairs of the
State were embarrassed to a considerable degree by the depreciation of the
currency. The-
designs of the secessionists were so far developed at the ending of the year
i86o as to show that
resistance to the national authority had been fully determined on. It is
not a matter of wonder,,,
then, that Governor Randall in his message to the legislature, early in January,
i861, shoulek
have set forth the dangers which threatened the Union, or should have denied
the right of a.
State to secede from it. "Secession," said-he, "is revolution;
revolution is war; war against
the government of the United States is treason."  "It is time,"
he continued, "now, to know
whether we have any government, and if so, whether it has any strength. Is
our written-,-
constitution more than a sheet of parchment?  The nation must be lost or
preserved by its own,
strength. Its strength is in the patriotism of the people. It is time now
that politicians became
Datriots; that men show their love of country by every sacrifice, but that
of principle, and by


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