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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 66

number of members from one hundred and seven to one hundred and twenty-seven.
The session
closed on the thirteenth of October. The general election for members to
the thirty-fifth congress,
held in November, resulted in the choice of John H. Potter, from the first
district ; C. C., Washburn
from the second; and CharlesBillinghurst, from the third district. They were
all elected as
republicans. The presidential canvass of this year was an exciting one in
the State. The.
republicans were successful.  Electors of that party cast their five votes
for Fremont and
      The year 1856 was not an unprosperous one, agriculturally speaking,
although in some
 respects decidedly unfavorable. In many districts the earlier part of the
season was exceedingly
'dry, which materially diminished the wheat crop. Other industrial interests
were every where
in a flourishing condition.
     The legislature commenced its tenth regular session at Madison, on the
fourteenth day of
 January, 1857, with a republican majority in both houses. Wyman Spooner
was elected speaker
 of the assembly. For the first time since the admission of the State into
the Union, a majority of
 the members of both houses, together with the governor, were opposed to
the democratic party.
 ;On the twenty-third the senate and assembly met in joint convention, for
the purpose of electing
 a United States senator in place of Henry Dodge, whose term of office would
expire on the
 fourth of March next ensuing..James R. Doolittle, republican, was the successful
candidate for
 that office, for a full term of six years, from the fourth of March, 1857.
 The legislature
 adjourned on the ninth of March, 1857. At the Spring election, Judge Whiton
was re-elected
 chief justice of the supreme court for a term of six years.
     The second reformatory State institution established in Wisconsin, was,
by an act of the
 legislature, approved March 7, 1857, denominated a House of Refuge for Juvenile
 afterward called the State Reform School, now known as the Wisconsin Industrial
School for
 Boys, and is located at Waukesha, the county seat of Waukesha county. The
courts and
 several magistrates in any county in Wisconsin may, in their discretion,
sentence to this school
 any male child between the ages of ten and sixteen years, convicted of vagrancy,
petit larceny,
 or any misdemeanor; also of any offense which would otherwise be punishable
by imprisonment
 in the State prison; or, of incorrigible or vicious conduct in certain cases.
The term of commit-
 ment must be to the age of twenty-one years.
     At'the State election held in November of this year, the republicans
elected A. W. Randall
 governor; S. D. Hastings, State treasurer, and Edward M. McGraw. State prison
 sioner.. The democrats elected E. D. Campbell, lieutenant governor; D. W.
Jones, secretary
 of State; Gabriel Bouck, attorney general; L. C. Draper, superintendent
of public instruc-
 tion, and J. C. Squires, bank comptroller.
     The year 1857 was a disastrous one to Wisconsin, as well as to the whole
country, in a finan-
 cial point of vi'ew. Early in the Fall a monetary panic swept over the land.
A number of
 prominent operators in the leading industrial pursuits were obliged to succumb.
 the year was a fair one for the State.
     Randall's administration began on the fourth day of January, 1858, when
for the first time
 he was inaugurated governor of the State.' On the eleventh of January the
 commenced its eleventh regular-session, with a republican majority in both
houses. Frederick
 S. Lovell was elected speaker, of the assembly.   The legislature adjourned
sizsze die on the
 seventeenth of March, after an unusually long session of one hundred and
twenty-five days. "That
 a large majority of the members were men of integrity, and disposed for
the public weal, can not

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