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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 59

sound condition; and then adverted to many topics of interest and impor.tance
to the people of
Wisconsin. It was an able document. One of the important measures of the
session was the
election of an United States senator, in the place of Henry Dodge, whose
term of office would
expire on the 4th of March, next ensuing. In joint convention of the legislature
held on the
2oth of January, Dodge was re-elected for a full term of six years. On the
22d, the governor-
approved a joint resolution of the legislature, rescinding not only so much
of the joint resolu.
tion of the legislative assembly of Wisconsin, passed March 31, 1849, as
censured Isaac J.
Walker, but also the instructions in those resolutions relative to his resigning
his seat in the
senate of the United States.
     Among the important bills passed at this session of the legislature
was one providing for
the location and erection of a State prison. Another one-the apportionment
bill-was vetoed
by the governor, and having been passed on the last day of the session, failed
to become a law.
The legislature adjourned on the eighteenth of March, 185 , after a session
of seventy days.
     On the ist day of January, 1851, Timothy 0. Howe took his seat as one
of the associate
judges of the supreme court, he having been elected judge of the fourth circuit
in place of Alex-.
ander W. Stow. The* office of chief justice of the supreme court, which had
been filled by Judge
Stow, therefore became vacant, and so remained until the commencement of
the next term-June
18, 185i-when Levi Hubbell, judge of the second circuit, was, by the judges
present, pursuant
to the statute, elected to that office.
     By an act of the legislature approved March 14, 1851, the location and
erection of a State-
prison for Wisconsin was provided for-the point afterward determined upon
as a suitable
place for its establishment being Waupun, Dodge county. By a subsequent act,
the prison was
declared to be the general penitentiary and prison of the State for the reformation
as well as for
the punishment of offenders, in which were to be confined, employed at hard
labor, and governed
as provided for by the legislature, all offenders who might be committed
and sentenced accord.
ing to law, to the punishment of solitary imprisonment, or imprisonment therein
at hard labor.
The organization and management of this the first reformatory and penal State
institution in
Wisconsin, commenced and has been continued in accordance with the demands
of an advanced
civilization and an enlightened humanity.
     On the 29th of September, i851, Judge Hubbell was re-elected for the
full term of six years
as judge of the second judicial circuit, to commence January i, 1852.
     Atthe general election in November,, i85i, Leonard J. Farwell was chosen
Timothy Burns, lieutenant governor; Charles D. Robinson, secretary of State;
E. H. Janssen,,
State treasurer; E. Estabrook, attorney general; and Azel P. Ladd, superintendent
of public
instruction. All these officers were elected as democrats except Farwell,
who ran as a whig;
his majority over D. A. J. Upham, democrat, was a little rising of five hundred.
     Governor Farwell's administration commenced on the fifth day of January,
1852. Previous
to this-on the third day of the month-Edward V. Whiton was chosen by the
judges of the
supreme court, chief justice, to succeed Judge Hubbell. On the fourteenth
of that month, the
legislatureassembled at Madison. This was the beginning of the fifth annual
session. James
McM. Shafter was elected speaker of the assembly.   In the senate, the democrats
had a,
majority; in the assembly, the whigs. The governor, in his message, recommended
the memorial-
izing of congress to cause the agricultural lands within the State to be
surveyed and brought
into market; to cause, also, the mineral lands to be surveyed and geologically
examined, and
offered for sale; and to make liberal appropriations for the improvement
of rivers and harbors,
The question of "bank or no bank " having been submitted to the
people in November previous,

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