Broehm, Barbara / World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth
World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth, pp. -30
Broehm 23 any ten-year-old boy who wants to spend a summer evening weeding vegetables? We also grew such things as Swiss chard and kohlrabi because of the seed shortage."88 Susan remarked, "Even Mrs. Oscar Ritcher had a Victory Garden behind her house, and she's one of the wealthiest individuals in Manitowoc!" She emphasizes, "There was such a unity of spirit for the war effort... By growing our own vegetables more food was available for our troops."89 Another form of children's homefront involvement was government rationing. In January 1942 President Roosevelt signed an act establishing the Office of Price Administration (OPA). Later that year, the OPA issued the first war ration books providing coupons for sugar, then coffee and gasoline. The OPA instituted point rationing in early 1943, with meat, fats and oils, butter, cheese, and processed foods. Later it added shoes. Local rationing boards set quota, allocating coupons for each family. The superintendent of Schools in Manitowoc was the overall chairman for rationing, recalls a Manitowoc teenager. "Those of us who were seniors at Lincoln went out to the different places where rationing books were issued and we were the issuing agents of the ration books." We did this for the Spring semester for one Social Studies class, and people were to declare the amount of canned goods and sugar they had on hand. The agents were suppose to rip out the corresponding number of stamps from the H8 Harlan Demsien, interview by Barbara Broehm. 89 Susan Dick, interview by Barbara Broehm.
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