Broehm, Barbara / World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth
World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth, pp. -30
Broehm 6 Opponents of propaganda viewed it as "tainted information" and felt that the war should be portrayed to the public "with [a] more simple and forthright description and.. less lofty principles." Proponents of propaganda believed if "forthright facts" were revealed, the facts would "depress Americans to the point of suicide."12 To win this war, propaganda seemed "indispensable in maintaining civilian and military morale.,13 The impact of the war on Manitowoc's youth is varied. Those who had no family members or friends in the military viewed the war years as personally uneventful. One homefront girl said she participated in the war bond and salvage drives but confesses, "I'm not sure my life is much different than it would have been without the war."'4 For others it was a very somber time. It was a period of worry and sadness. Loved ones were away at war. Children faced challenges on the homefront because their home environment was often stressful. Many children claimed that their fathers struggled with the fact that the family farm had been lost during the depression. Many of these men considered themselves failures, and became depressed. "My dad did find ajob at the shipyards, and we welcomed the income," comments a homefront girl. She adds, "Dad worked long hours, and when he was home, he was usually sleeping. We always had to be so quiet ... things were sure different than they were on the farm."'5 A homefront teenager agreed that her dad could not get over the fact that the family farm was gone. "My dad was depressed and couldn't hold a job. My mother also became 12 Blum, 28 13 Clayton R Koppes and Gregory D. Black, Hollywood Goes to War: How Politics, Profits and Propaganda Shaped World War II Movies (New York: Free Press, 1987), 48. 14 Lola Klusmeyer, interview by Barbara Broehm, 18 November 2000. 15 Susan Dick, interview by Barbara Broehm, 26 October 2000.
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