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Farm labor news

Farm labor news. July, 1945,   pp. [1]-6 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 6

Parge 6
                 Marvin Schaars Reviews "Selective Service" News
     Selective service policies respecting tne classification of agricultural
registrants have remained unchan ed for many months, except thet a 2C classifi-
cation for a man between the ages 30 through 37 is now for e.n "indefinite"
period rrther than for a maximum of six months. The 2C classification for
under 30 is for a maximum period of six months. Upon expiration of a deferment,
a local board must reopen the case end consider classification anew.
     In order to determine whether continued deferment is warranted, the
board will address a letter to the registrant requesting information as to
current status of agricultural production and manpower on the farm. The cases
of men 30 through 37 are "reviewed" at the end of each six month
period but no
"reopeningN is necessary unless reclassification is to be made.
     Bana boys having a 20 classification mey again work for canning factories
this summer, provided they receive approval to do so from their local selective
service boards. The maximum period of such temporary cannery employment is
three weeks. The procedures and the policies affecting such temporary employment
are the same as those during 1944.
     An analysis of some 27,000 forms 451 on farms where men under 26 years
age are employed reveals the following:
               Average war units per farm                     44.4
               Average war units per unit of manpower         22.9
               Average gross income per farm                 $5S44
               Average gross income per war unit             $ 132
               Average number of units of manpovier per farm   1.9
               Grofs Income per mabfowe' uiti ---            $30ro
     Although 22.9 war units per manpower unit is the average for the state,
many counties this average is exceeded considerably and on individual farms
by a
great deal. The largest county-wide average of war units ',er menpower unit
29 -  the lowest was 16. On certain farms as many as 409 50, and in some
instances even more units are produced by individual workers.
      The County Bar Boards have been very coooerative in registrants
 either for deferment or non-defer.-ent. Roughiy, 86; of the registrants
 recommended for retention on the ferms, 6% for non-retention, and 9% in
 the Car Boards were non-committel.
      It is to be noted that certifications are no longer to be sent by the
 war board to the State Director of Selective Service but directly to the
 selective board with which the registrant is registered.

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