Cartwright, Carol Lohry; Shaffer, Scott; Waller, Randal / City on the Rock River : chapters in Janesville's history
Foreword Carole Zellie 'anesville, one of many southern Wisconsin river cities founded in the 1830s, is a textbook example of the persistence and success of early settlers. Here, on the banks of the Rock River, they established a variety of manufacturing enterprises that served the agricultural interests of Rock County and beyond. While the city experienced the boom-and-bust cycles of the national and regional economy for the past 150 years, it has enjoyed general growth and stability. This is reflected in its fine collection of historic buildings, encompassing a great variety of residences and many types and styles of commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. In Janesville, one does not have to be content to just read about the city's history. Here one may see the stone cottages built by quarry workers, pre-Civil War storefronts along Main Street, the cream brick cotton mill along the Rock River (now converted to residential use), and the extraordinary hilltop houses built by the city's business leaders. Today these and many other buildings are not museums, but part of the everyday life of the city, some having been adapted to new uses. Planning for preservation in Janesville incorporates research-such as this collection of essays, nominations to the National Register of Historic Places, and walking tours-with ongoing public and private efforts to strengthen neighborhoods and the downtown commercial center. These essays document aspects of Janesville's history from pre-settlement to the present. Together they constitute a framework for understanding related cultural resources based on a historical theme, geographical area, and period of time. Nationally, such frameworks, or historic contexts, are a cornerstone of the cultural resources management planning process. In Wisconsin, the Introduction to Wisconsin Archeology and Cultural Resource Management in Wisconsin defines contexts within broad, general terms that are applicable statewide, or within a large portion of the state. This work about Janesville also contributes to previous statewide contexts studies. Each essay or context study in the book was commissioned by the Janesville Historic Commission through a Certified Local Government grant administered by the Division of Historic Preservation of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. These contexts assist Janesville planners and historians in evaluation and conservation of the city's historic and cultural resources. National Register of Historic Places nominations for the city's eleven historic districts, and many individual nominations have benefited from this research. Three authors contributed to this publication. Historian Carol Lohry Cartwright wrote most of the chapters in 1996 and 1997. Cartwright received an M.A. in history from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She has conducted many historical and architectural surveys for the City of Janesville, including five National Register of Historic Places historic district nominations. Cartwright also completed chapters that were drafted by historian Randal Waller in 1987. Waller holds an M.A. in history from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and previously worked as the staff historian in the Division of Historic Preservation at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. The first chapter was written by archeologist Scott Shaffer in 1997. Shaffer holds an M.A. in public archeology from the University of Memphis. He is currently senior archeologist for Vaughn Engineering, Madisonville, Kentucky. Since 1996 he has also worked as a private archeological consultant.
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