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Henry, W. A. (William Arnon), 1850-1932 / Central Wisconsin : its possibilities and future
([19--])

Rietbrock, Fred.
Northern Wisconsin for dairying,   pp. 9-22 ff. PDF (2.7 MB)


Page 11


Then for about Sty miles in the course of that
stream the sand valley is narrow, being not more
than about five miles wide, with great stretches
of territory on either side of rolling clay loam
land.
   Throughout the most part of northern Wis-
consin the soil rests on rock bottom, the under-
lying rock being a fire rock, of a granite nature,
said to be of the first incrustation of the earth
   An abundance of water is found in this
rock. The upper surface of the rock for a dis-
tanoe of four to six and sometimes ten feot, is
very much broken. This upper surface is soft
There are innumerable depressions In this rock
surface all of which are filled with water.
   The overlaying clay bed Is generally from
twelve to twenty feet deep, so that it may be
said the soil is in connection with the soil water
without an Intervening strata of sand or gravel
as is so common In southern Wisconsin and
northern Dlinols
   In its primeval state the most part of north-
em Wisconsin was covered with a dene growth
of timber, the sandy territory being occupied by
pine, and the clay loam territory mostly by what
is calledhardwood timber, such as maple, bao
wood, elm, oak, birch, ash and butternut.
   Northern Wisconsin was first explored by
the lumbermen who entered by way of the
stream  that were large enough to float los MAd
lumber. The timber thus obtained was mostly
pine cut from the sandy repons, in consequence
whereof it was quite easy and natural for the
impression to go out that northern Wisconsin
was a pinery, and its soil was only sand and unfit
for agriculture
   As the woodsman penetrated further inland,
           *         ~~~~~~11'


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