Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XLI ([covers January 1962/December 1962])
Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XLI, no. 4, pp. -4 PDF (1.8 MB)
2 (14) WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER quarter milk production is 4 percent greater than the first quarter produc- tion for 1961. Wisconsin's share of United States milk production, for March 1962 was 15.3 percent compared with 15 per- cent in 1961. The state has averaged just under 15 percent of total United States milk production for the 10-year period of 1951-60. United States milk production for March was 11,101,000,000 pounds or 2 percent above March 1961. This is also 7 percent above the 10-year average for the month. Total United States milk production for the first quarter of 1962 is 2 percent above the same period in 1961. Wisconsin milk production for the first 3 months of 1962 is running at an annual rate of about 18% billion pounds. Continuation of this trend de- pends on a number of factors, among which favorable milk-feed and milk- beef cattle price ratios are most sig- nificant. For the nation these ratios have been running about the same as last year. March Egg Production Is Highest in Two Years Egg production in Wisconsin in March climbed to the highest for any month since March 1960. The produc- tion amounted to 181,000,000 eggs and was 13 percent above the February output and 2 percent more than a year ago. This two-year high egg output was due to a record production per 100 layers for the month which more than offset the second smallest number of layers on state farms in March in 27 years. The average production per 100 layers was 1,941 eggs in March top- ping by 2 percent the previous high for the month set last year. There were 9,318,000 layers on state farms in March-1 percent more than in March 1961, but 16 percent less than the 1956-60 annual average. State farmers received an average of 30 cents a dozen for eggs in March. Except for March 1957, this is the lowest price for the month since 1950. Farm flocks in the nation laid 5,728 million eggs in March-1 percent more than a year ago, but 1 percent less than the 5-year average. The number of layers on farms in the country was 2 percent above a year ago, but 3 per- cent below the 1956-60 annual aver- age. Egg production per 100 layers was 1 percent below March 1961, but 3 percent above the 5-year average. Decline in Farm Product Price Level Continues The index of prices received by Wisconsin farmers at 249 percent of the 1910-14 base period continued be- low the year ago level. This down- ward movement of the index began in October of 1961. A substantial part of the eleven point decline in the index for this period was due to lower milk prices paid to farmers. Accompanying the decline in the in- dex of prices received was an increase of three points in the index of prices paid by farmers from October 1961 to March 1962. This resulted in a 4 per- cent drop in the Wisconsin index of farm purchasing power (ratio of prices received to prices paid) for this period. Higher prices to Wisconsin farmers for beef cattle and calves more than offset lower lamb and hog prices. This raised the March meat animal price index 2 percent above February. Wisconsin farmers received an aver- age of $15.70 per hundredweight for hogs during March. This was 10 cents below February and $1.10 under March last year. The March pig crop report indicates an improved outlook for hog prices this summer and fall. Last December producers intentions indicated a large 1962 spring pig crop. Producers, however, have modi- fied their plans and the March report shows a smaller increase than was expected at that time. Farm Working Force in State Increases During March The number of workers employed on Wisconsin farms in March increased seasonally as spring work approached. The state's total farm working force for the month is estimated at 255,000 persons-5 percent above February and 9 percent more than in January. Farm operators and other family Farm Workers and Wages Wisconsin and United States Item Farm workers' Hired Family - Total - == Wage rates By month With house - With board & room By day With board & room No board & room By hour No board & room Wisconsin United States 196Z] 1961 1962 1961 March (000) 22 25 1,233 1,275 233 239 4,567 4,69S 255 264 5,800 5,970 April I (dollars) 203 .00 152. 00 7. 10 9. 00 1.10 199.00 146.00 6.80 8.80 1.07 192.00 150.00 6.20 6.70 1.07 188.00 148.00 'Persons employed during the last full calendar week ending at least one day before end of month. workers numbered 233,000 persons and hired help 22,000 in March. The state's total farm employment in March, however, was 3 percent be- low a year ago and 11 percent under the 1956-60 average for the month. Since shortly after World War II there has been a gradual decline in the number of persons working on farms in the state. While holding close to January, wages paid hired help by Wisconsin farmers averaged the highest on rec- ord for April 1. The index of farm wage rates is 3 percent above April last year. Reports from farmers indi- cate the rise was consistent among monthly, daily and hourly wage rates. On April 1, state farmers paid hired help an average of $203 a month with house or $152 per month with room and board, while day rates were $7.10 with room and board and $9 without. The average hourly wage was $1.10 without room and board. The nation's farm working force at 5,800,000 persons in March increased 13 percent from February, but was 3 percent below a year earlier. Farm wage rates in the nation on April 1 were also the highest on record, aver- aging 3 percent above a year earlier. Charles W. Le Grande Joins Wisconsin Staff Charles W. Le Grande, agricultural statistician, assumed his new duties with the Wisconsin Crop Reporting Service on April 1. In his new assign- ment he will work primarily in pre- paring livestock estimates. Mr. Le Grande comes to Wisconsin from the Statistical Reporting Serv- ice in Washington, D.C., where he served 6 years in dairy statistics working numbers of milk cows, milk production, disposition, and income from milk. Prior to his assignment in Washington, D.C., he served 5 years in the Illinois Cooperative Crop Re- porting Service estimating crops, live- stock, and prices, and 2 years in the Chicago Dairy Statistics office of the Statistical Reporting Service where he worked on production of manufac- tured dairy products. In addition to his experience in the crop reporting service, he graduated from the College of Agriculture in the University of Missouri, and majored in rural sociology and economics. Dur- ing World War II he served 4 years in the United States Army, and pres- ently is in the Reserves. Charles, his wife, and their 4 children will live in Madison. l April 1962 = l"ik ,a if '1115 Z "
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