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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIII ([covers January 1934/December 1934])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIII, no. 8,   pp. [29]-32 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 31

5-year average. Potatoes and buck-
wheat are outstanding exceptions to
this, the potato crop on August 1 being
estimated at but 1 percent less than the
5-year average and 39 percent greater
than the short crop of last year. The
buckwheat crop is placed as 29 percent
above the 5-year average and 59 per-
cent more than the small crop of 1933.
The production of both canning peas
and cherries this year has been but 75
percent of the 5-year average, apple
prospects are poor, and the condition of
both sugar beets and flax is low as
compared to normal. Reports of crop
correspendents indicate that the yield
of 32 important Wisconsin crops will be
19 percent below the 10-year (1921-
1930) average. Detailed data for the
important Wisconsin crops are shown
in the tables.
United States Crop Production
Crop conditions for the United States
have been going down as the season
advanced and a decline of 11 percent In
the country's crop prospects occurred
during July as a result of continued
drought a n d record breaking hot
weather, according to the United States
Crop Reporting Board. Corn produc-
tion is now estimated at 1,607,108,000
bushels, 31 percent less than the pro-
duction of last year and 36 percent be-
low the 5-year average. Wheat pro-
duction  is estimated  at 490.960,000
bushels. This is a slight increase over
expectations a month age and is not
far below last year's crop of 527,978,000
bushels, but is only 55 percent of aver-
age production. Present forecasts of
oats, barley, and flaxseed are all below
those of a month ago and beans, soy
beans, cowpeas, peanuts, sugar beets,
and broomcorn are all expected to give
exceedingly low yields per acre. The
estimate of total hay production has
been reduced to less than 53,70.0/00
tons compared with the short crop of
74,616,000 tons last year. Combining
the estimates of 32 principal crops,
present indications are that yields per
acre will average nearly 19 percent
less than they were last year and about
22 percent below the average of yields
during the last 13 years. The crops of
corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, flaxseed,
and buckwheat are each expected to be
the smallest in 30 years or more. Hay
production is expected to be 27 percent
lower and grain sorghum 16 percent
lower than in any previous season dur-
ing the 15 year period for which com-
parable estimates are available. De-
tailed condition, acreage, and produc-
tion data are shown in the tables.
August Dairy Report
Milk production on the farms of crop
correspondents showed a small increase
on August 1 as compared to a year
earlier. The number of cows per farm
was sl ghtly less than a year ago but
the milk production per cow was re-
ported at 1 percent greater and the
proportion of the cows being milked
was 1.5 percent more this August 1
than on the same date last year. The
maintained milk production level as
compared to last year can be attributed
partially to an increase in the percent-
age of cows freshening during April,
May, and June of this year, to a 7 per-
cent increase in the amount of grain
and concentrates fed per cow, and to a
larger proportion of the cows being
milked on this August 1. Also Im-
proved pasture condition during recent
weeks as compared to earlier in the
season has been instrumental in main-
taining the milk production per cow to
about 20 percent less than the usual
seasonale decline from August 1 to
July 1.
For the United States, while milk
production per cow declilled less than
usual during July, production oln Au-
gust 1 was the lowest for the month
shown in the 10-year record. In many
areas extremely poor pastures inod
shortages of feed and forage more than
Offset the effects of the increased pro-
portion of the cows freshening in the
spring months. In comparison with
August 1 last year, the sharply lower
production per cow in the states af-
fected by this year's drought was par-
tially offset by increased production iii
the northeast and in some scattered
states where prices or production con-
ditions were more favorable. The num-
ber of milk cows on farms and the pro-
portion being milked have also been
reduced in these drought states com-
pared with a year ago. For the couni-
try as a whole milk cow numbers ap-
pear to have been barely equal to nuni-
bers on farms on August 1 last year.
With milk production per cow aLverag-
ing slightly more than 3 percent below
last year, total daily milk production
on August 1 was apparently 3 to 4 per-
cent below production at that time a
year ago. Data on milk production are
shown in the accompanying table.
Milk lProduction
Aug. 1
Aug. 1 an a
19.34  1933 1925-  % of
Aug. 1 Aug. 1 31 av. 1933
Per farsanl----244.9 243,0 262.8 100.8
Per co w
ilked --- 19.27 19,34 21.57 99.6
Per cow In
herd ----- 10.57 141.39 18.10 101.1
United States
her eow   In
herd ----- 13.23 13.07 14.09 90.8
Cold storage holdings of butter On
August 1 of 108,742,000 pounds were the
lowest on that date in 11 years, were
28 percent less than 12 months earlier,
and 19 percent smaller than the 5-year
average. The into-storage movement
of butter of 38,594,000 was 13 percent
less than for the same period in 1933,
and 1 percent less than the 5-year aver-
age movement from July 1 to August
1. Stocks of American cheese amount-
ing to 97,002,000 pounds were 17 percent
greater than on August 1 last year and
22 percent above the 5-year average for
that date. The into-storage movement
of American cheese from July 1 to Au-
gust 1 of 17,077,000 pounds was 15 per-
cent more than in the same period last
year and 19 percent greater than the
5-year average. These and other data
on cold storage holdings are given in
the accompanying table.
United States Cold Storage Holdings
(ooo onaitted)
Aug. 1
Aug. I Aug. 1 average
1934*   1913   1929-133
Creasimery h u t-
ter, I s. - --- 10S.742  1
All cheese, lbs. 11I5,1IO
is.- ------- 97.002
Swivs, lbi._-- 8,558
All other, Ilb. 10,250
Ewggs, In shell,
eases _ ____   8,949
Egs:, shell andl
frozen. e it e
equivalent _- 12,421
P l'relimi nary
Egg Product
Wisconsin egg product
of August was aipparent'
12 months earlier. Alth
her of eggs laid per 100 I
cent less than a year ea
ber of hens per farm X
August 1 showed an inc
4 p(rcent bringinog the
of egg production to a
ashove that of last yea]
Foi' the United State
tion on August 1 was
thain on that date a ye
20 percent less than the
age of the 5 years, 1927-
decrease was due to a 3
in the number of layers.
1)34  1.34,5)7
291   95, 177
in eggs laid per hell is due almost
wiholly to the severity of the drought
In the Central States. Thb shrinkage
in the size of flocks is mostly in that
1934 Lanib and Wool l roduetion
The Wisconsin lamb crop of 1934 is
estimated at 314,000 head, an increase
of about 4 percent from last year's
crop, but a decrease of 13 percent from
1932. Up to this year the lamb crop
has shown a decline from the previous
year for every year since 1930. The in-
crease In the 1934 number of lambs re-
sults from a small gain in the number
of breeding ewes on farms and an in-
crease of about 2 percent in the num-
ber of lambs saved.
The 1934 lamb crop for the United
States of 29,339,000 head is about 1 per-
cent larger than the 1933 crop. The in-
creased crop this year compared with
that of last year was a result largely
of a rather sharp increase in the num-
ber of lambs saved per 100 ewes in
most of the western states, which more
than offset a small decrease in the per-
centage lamb crop in the native sheep
states, and a marked decrease in Texas.
Wool production in Wisconsin in
1934 amounted to 2,832,000 pounds, an
increase of 2 percent from 1933. The
increase in the state's wool plroduction
this year is a result of an increase
in the number of sheep shorn, the av-
erage weight of fleece being the same
as last year. Preliminary estimates of
the wool clip for the United States
place  the  production  at 354.533,000
pounds or 2.7 percent less than the
amount shorn in 1933, and about 1 per-
cent larger than the 5-year average
Corn Belt Cattle Feeding
Reports from cattle feeders indicat,
decreases in the number of cattle on
feed for market in all of the Corn Belt
States. Feeders in Wisconsin indicate
a decline of 18 percent from the num-
ber of cattle on feed August 1, 1933 as
compared to a decrease of 21 percent
for the entire Corn Belt. The opera-
tions of feeders as a percent of last
year in the important states are as fol-
Perceat   State       of
State        of               Percent
19331              19.13
WVieonsin --- 2     lowna--------_82
Ohio -- --_    Ml   Missourl -    SO
Indiana ----- 70    South Dakota-77
Illinois  - -----75  Nehraika  ___80
Miehigann  --- 75   Kansas __-_-_75
Minnesota  __ 75
Corn Belt (welghted) 778.9
Prices Received fly Farmers
82,771  79,541     The  average   pi-ice  for Wisconsin
2F812   4,S98   milk  declined  2 ciuts per hundred-
X.708  10,715   weight from  $1.06 in June to $1.04 in
9,507   9.120   July in the face of upturns for all
other farm   commodity   group  prices
with the exception of the fruits and
12,589  12.144   vegetables  g i o u P1  which  remained
steady  and   the  uliclassifled  group
which showed a 3-point declme. '['This
ion             change in the averagge milk price ,wis
ion on th   fi rst  caused by a sharp decliiie in prices of
iy greater th'aln  milk  for cheese. At current price
olugh the niim-   levels milk sold for cheese is slijbI ted(
lens was 1 per-
rlier, the naum-  to a price 12 cents lowerl than OU at for
is reported on    milk used by creamieriis. The ma rkt
!rease of about  milk price was the only bright spot in
indicated level
bout 3 percont    the milk price situration, showing an
r    on the same  increase of I cent from  $1.12 for Junie
to $1.33 for July. Milk used by cream-
bs, egg produlc-
10 percent less   cries remained steady at $ 1.04 per hoii-
ar earlior, and   dredweiglit aid milk used by conden-
Augus~t 1 aver-  series held at $1.14.
.11. ParIt Of the    '  h l   t IIi
percenPt d o  the'  The price levels for the remaindero of
The decrease    the commodity groups imicreasem  wvith

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