Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Hadley, F. B.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 49: sanitation in stables, yards and pastures PDF (856.9 KB)
stray animals is greatly reduced. Wire fences should have a connecting fod carried into relatively moist earth some distance away from buildings to ground( electric currents and protect animals from lightning. Top-dressing-The eggs and grubs of many internal parasites of animals, such as stomach worms, are passed out and lodge in stable manure. This is particularly true of sheep. Therefore, pastures should not be top-dressed with sheep manure when they are to be used for grazing these animals the following season. The long continued pasturing of one class of animals upon the same pasture or over-stocking is a certain way to infect stock with parasites which are injurious and which may cause death. Danger from poisonous plants lessened by good pasture- Several varieties of plants that are poisonous to live. stock grow in wild pastures and are sometimes seen in tame grass pastures. In Wisconsin the scouring rush, water hemlock, and wild cherry are the most common. When there is planty of feed, animals exercise considerable discretion in selecting what they eat, but when forage is scarce they will consume plants that would other- wise be refused. Experience shows that poisoning occurs most often when cattle and sheep are changed from dry feed to pasture. To prevent poisoning and to reduce the danger from bloat which is likely to occur when a sudden change is made from a dry ration to pasture, or from a poor pasture to a better one, or from grass to clover or alfalfa, a full feed of dry roughage should be given before turning out the stock; then allow them to remain on the pasture for a short time only each day for a week. Rotation of pastures helps control parasites-The practice of rotating pastures is recommended as a means of controlling parasites. Moreover, by supplementing the permanent pastures with green forage crops whenever possible, both livestock and pastures may be kept in better condition. Bogs and swamp holes breeding places for germs-Bogs and swamp holes in pastures should be tile-drained or fenced off because they act as breeding places for harmful germs of various kinds and animals often become mired in them and are not found until exhausted or dead from their efforts to get out. Disposal of dead animals-The very common practice of using the pasture as a burying ground or rotting place for the car- casses of animals cannot be too strongly condemned. The best way is to burn carcasses. However, burying is safe if a hole at least six feet deep is dug and the remains are well covered. 1 I I I I I I I I I
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