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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin

Hadley, F. B.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 49: sanitation in stables, yards and pastures PDF (856.9 KB)

stray animals is greatly reduced. Wire fences should have a
connecting fod carried into relatively moist earth some distance
away from buildings to ground( electric currents and protect
animals from lightning.
   Top-dressing-The eggs and grubs of many internal parasites
of animals, such as stomach worms, are passed out and lodge in
stable manure. This is particularly true of sheep. Therefore,
pastures should not be top-dressed with sheep manure when they
are to be used for grazing these animals the following season.
The long continued pasturing of one class of animals upon the
same pasture or over-stocking is a certain way to infect stock
with parasites which are injurious and which may cause death.
   Danger from poisonous plants lessened by good pasture-
Several varieties of plants that are poisonous to live. stock grow
in wild pastures and are sometimes seen in tame grass pastures.
In Wisconsin the scouring rush, water hemlock, and wild cherry
are the most common. When there is planty of feed, animals
exercise considerable discretion in selecting what they eat, but
when forage is scarce they will consume plants that would other-
wise be refused. Experience shows that poisoning occurs most
often when cattle and sheep are changed from dry feed to pasture.
   To prevent poisoning and to reduce the danger from bloat
which is likely to occur when a sudden change is made from a
dry ration to pasture, or from a poor pasture to a better one, or
from grass to clover or alfalfa, a full feed of dry roughage should
be given before turning out the stock; then allow them to remain
on the pasture for a short time only each day for a week.
   Rotation of pastures helps control parasites-The practice
of rotating pastures is recommended as a means of controlling
parasites. Moreover, by supplementing the permanent pastures
with green forage crops whenever possible, both livestock and
pastures may be kept in better condition.
    Bogs and swamp holes breeding places for germs-Bogs and
 swamp holes in pastures should be tile-drained or fenced off
 because they act as breeding places for harmful germs of various
 kinds and animals often become mired in them and are not found
 until exhausted or dead from their efforts to get out.
    Disposal of dead animals-The very common practice of using
 the pasture as a burying ground or rotting place for the car-
 casses of animals cannot be too strongly condemned. The best
 way is to burn carcasses. However, burying is safe if a hole at
 least six feet deep is dug and the remains are well covered.

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