Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Daniels, Amy L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 47: Wisconsin's best crop--the child: 1. it's food PDF (1.0 MB)
A good rule to follow in planning the meals for a child is to serve each day besides the fruit, two vegetables-one a starchy food like potatoes or rice or hominy, and a succulent vegetable such as carrots, spinach, turnips, or cab- bage. As a considerable amount of valuable mineral matter, one of our chief reasons for serving these vegetables, dissolves out in the water in which they are cooked, the water should be saved. It may be boiled down to a small amount as the vegetables are cooked, and served in this form or made into and served as a sauce, or it may be saved and made into soup. SERVE ONLY RIPENED FRUIT The fruit given should be in all cases well ripened and may be served either raw or cooked. Under-ripe and over-ripe fruit may cause digestive upsets which have led many mothers to believe that fruit is harmful. This is partic- ularly true of bananas, for these are all too frequently served in the unripe stage. When quite ripe, the skins are brown rather than yellow. If bananas or other upripe fruit must be served they should be cooked. The third group furnishes fats. The heat and energy needs of children should be supplied by those foods that contain fat, starch, and sugar. Those fats which are best adapted to children are the fat of milk-butter and cream -and the fat of egg yolk and, to a certain extent, meat. Vegetable oils such , as olive oil, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, and the like are also good, but should never be allowed to exclude the use of these other fats. Too much fat may cause indigestion in children. Most mothers are familiar with the digestive disturbances following excessive eating of rich foods-for : example, pastry, rich cakes, or fried foods. In these cases, too much fat has ; been taken together with other materials which may be detrimental. If we limit fat to the, normal amount of butter served on bread, the cream (the top of milk) served with cereal, the fat obtained from the milk and egg, and the small amount found 'in other foods, as, for example, in simple pudding and muffins, the normal child will not be taking too much. Only the unusual child will need greater restriction in the fat content of his diet. The fourth group supplies starches and sugars. A ceitain amount of starch and sugar should also be included in the diet of children. These are given for the purpose of supplying energy and heat to the body. The baby gets a suffli- cient amount of energy foods from milk. The older child must be given a larger proportion, so, besides the milk, he needs cereals, breads, fruits, and vegetables since varying amounts of sugars and starches are obtained from all these. The cereals given to the child should include those which contain the outer parts of the grain. These not only supply mineral material but a certain amount of roughage necessary for normal digestive processes. The clogging of the intestines (constipation) is most often caused by too highly refined foods. More bulk in the form of coarse cereals, breads made from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables will frequently relieve this condition without using drugs. The fifth group Includes sweets. Because candy supplies nothing but energy material, whereas most of the other foods supply some other essential as well, it is wise to limit the amount of candy or cane sugar that a child takes, "'-I -
Based on date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright