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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Daniels, Amy L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 47: Wisconsin's best crop--the child: 1. it's food PDF (1.0 MB)



   A good rule to follow in planning the meals for a child is to serve each
day besides the fruit, two vegetables-one a starchy food like potatoes or
rice
or hominy, and a succulent vegetable such as carrots, spinach, turnips, or
cab-
bage. As a considerable amount of valuable mineral matter, one of our chief
reasons for serving these vegetables, dissolves out in the water in which
they
are cooked, the water should be saved. It may be boiled down to a small
amount as the vegetables are cooked, and served in this form or made into
and
served as a sauce, or it may be saved and made into soup.
                      SERVE ONLY RIPENED FRUIT
    The fruit given should be in all cases well ripened and may be served
either
raw or cooked. Under-ripe and over-ripe fruit may cause digestive upsets
which have led many mothers to believe that fruit is harmful. This is partic-
ularly true of bananas, for these are all too frequently served in the unripe
stage. When quite ripe, the skins are brown rather than yellow. If bananas
or other upripe fruit must be served they should be cooked.
    The third group furnishes fats. The heat and energy needs of children
 should be supplied by those foods that contain fat, starch, and sugar. Those
 fats which are best adapted to children are the fat of milk-butter and cream
 -and the fat of egg yolk and, to a certain extent, meat. Vegetable oils
such     ,
 as olive oil, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, and the like are also good, but
should
 never be allowed to exclude the use of these other fats.
     Too much fat may cause indigestion in children. Most mothers are familiar
 with the digestive disturbances following excessive eating of rich foods-for
     :
 example, pastry, rich cakes, or fried foods. In these cases, too much fat
has  ;
 been taken together with other materials which may be detrimental. If we
 limit fat to the, normal amount of butter served on bread, the cream (the
top
 of milk) served with cereal, the fat obtained from the milk and egg, and
the
 small amount found 'in other foods, as, for example, in simple pudding and
 muffins, the normal child will not be taking too much. Only the unusual
child
 will need greater restriction in the fat content of his diet.
     The fourth group supplies starches and sugars. A ceitain amount of starch
 and sugar should also be included in the diet of children. These are given
for
 the purpose of supplying energy and heat to the body. The baby gets a suffli-
 cient amount of energy foods from milk. The older child must be given a
 larger proportion, so, besides the milk, he needs cereals, breads, fruits,
and
 vegetables since varying amounts of sugars and starches are obtained from
 all these.
      The cereals given to the child should include those which contain the
outer
  parts of the grain. These not only supply mineral material but a certain
  amount of roughage necessary for normal digestive processes. The clogging
  of the intestines (constipation) is most often caused by too highly refined
foods.
  More bulk in the form of coarse cereals, breads made from whole grains,
fruits,
  and vegetables will frequently relieve this condition without using drugs.
      The fifth group Includes sweets. Because candy supplies nothing but
  energy material, whereas most of the other foods supply some other essential
  as well, it is wise to limit the amount of candy or cane sugar that a child
takes,
          "'-I -


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