Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Hepler, J. R.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 45: that vegetable garden PDF (1.0 MB)
-W - I*I e _ That V egetable baruen The vegetable garden, if properly handled, is the most rofitable half-acre on the farm. It will yield a continuous ipply of fresh vegetables, which will provide a pleasant hange of diet throughout the year and promote the general ealth of the family. Have Garden Near House Most of the work of planting and cultivating is done in pare minutes and the vegetables are generally harvested by he housewife, who does not have time to go to the far end if the farm. The garden then should be located near the Louse so that it will be convenient. The shade of buildings or trees should be avoided as much as possible. A southern exposure is preferable because the soil where so exposed wvarms up early in the spring. The size of the garden depends upon the amount of vege- tables wanted, but, in most cases, it need not be larger than half an acre. By taking slightly more than an acre of ground, planting small fruits and such perennial vegetables as rhubarb and asparagus, in the center and alternating vegetables with clover on either side, a two-year rotation may be followed. In this way the ravages of disease and insects are lessened and the soil is improved by plowing under the clover. Follow a Definite Plan In planning a garden, keep the following points in mind: 1. -Aim to provide a constant supply of the vegetables preferred by the family. 2.. Grow only vegetables of high quality. 3. The early short-season crops such as radishes, lettuce, spinach, early peas and early onions, may be followed by beans, tomatoes, late cabbage, sweet corn, or turnips. 4. Each crop should have sufficient room for its best development and to allow proper tillage. 5. It is desirable to have the rows of the larger and longer-season crops far enough apart to permit horse culti- vation. The smaller vegetables may be planted somewhat closer if they are to be tilled with a hand cultivator. Barnyard Fertilizer Best Nearly all vegetables require a large amount of organic matter in the soil. This can best be supplied in the form of well-rotted barnyard manure used at the rate of about twelve to twenty tons for each acre. Commercial fertilizers are of little benefit except in very poor soils. The fertilizer should be applied in the spring and then
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