Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 40: feed an economic dairy ration PDF (900.9 KB)
or four pounds of milk produced in addition to: (1) 30 pounds of corn silage and 10 pounds of hay (clover or alfalfa preferred), or (2) 30 pounds roots and 15 pounds of hay, or (3) 8 pounds dried beet pulp soaked 12 to 24 hours prior to feeding and 10 pounds of hay; or (4) 20 pounds of hay with one to two pounds of oil meal added to her grain. Cows that give milk of high per cent of butter fat should receive one pound of grain for every three pounds of milk produced, and cows exceeding 1,000 pounds in live weight should receive a relatively larger amount of hay and silage or roots. Dry cows can be maintained on hay and silage or roots. It is profitable, however, to feed cows a sufficient amount of grain during the dry period to have them in good physical condition at calving time. Cows should be dry for six to eight weeks prior to calving. It does not pay to have them dry for a longer period. Not All Farm-Grown Rations Are Most Economical. The market prices for corn, oats and barley often make it more profitable for farmers to feed grain mixtures composed largely of purchased feeding stuffs. A knowledge of the grain and feed market should determine the character of the ration. At the same time, however, rations should hIe made as complete and palatable as it is possible to have them from farm-grown feeds. The farm should be made to produce clover or alfalfa silage or roots and cereal crops that may be fed or exchanged for other feeding stuffs. The profit in dairying is in feeding farm- grown feeds in a manner to realize the highest market price for them and at the same time have them converted into manure that is returned to the fields. It pays to buy commercial feeding stuffs to supplement, farm-grown grains and make the ration complete or to replace farm &rrains when market prices justify the exchange. Home-Made Grain Mixtures for Dairy dows. The following mix- (tires at present prices are less expensive, give greater variety and ire more satisfactory for milk production, than rations made up exclusively from farm-grown grains. Dairymen in every community should co-operate with their local feed dealers or feed agents to secure the feeding stuffs in these mixtures at the most reasonable prices.
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