Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 40: feed an economic dairy ration PDF (900.9 KB)
Feed An Economic Dairy Ration The first step in feeding economical dairy rations is to learn the capacity and ability of cows to produce milk. Economical feeding is based on milk production, and it is, therefore, important to weigh the milk of each cow at each milking and to know, at least approxi- mately, the amount of butter fat it contains. The true dairyman rids his herd as soon as he can of all but bred-for-production cows. Provide Cows with Comfort and Plenty of Water. However good a ration may be, it will not be economical if cows are not kept comfort- able and in good physical condition. House them in clean, comfort- able, well lighted and properly ventilated stables and do not turn them out during the winter for a longer period each day than they apparently enjoy being out. Two or three times daily provide the herd with pure fresh water which is not colder than that from a deep well. An abundance of water is necessary for milk production. Where cows are not watered in the barn, a tank heater will prove profitable. Feed Cows According to Their Production and Stage of Lactation. Feed fresh cows sparingly for the first few days after calving and do not allow them to become chilled. Water with the chill removed. a few quarts of scalded bran or oats, and good hay, is sufficient for a cow the first day or two after she has calved. The condition of the cow should determine the manner in which she is fed following this period. Ordinarily it requires two to three weeks to get cows back te full feed. Be careful not to overfeed or allow the cow to get off feel or out of condition. A complete ration for a cow weighing approximately 1,000 pounds may be made by feeding one pound of grain mixture for every three
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