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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Mortimer, G. B.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 25: proper care of seed vs. feed grain PDF (1015.5 KB)



weather and in extreme cases is often badly injured by partial
sprouting. Such grain is of little value as seed and even has had
its feeding value reduced. From the standpoint of actual market
values good color is an important factor. Badly discolored grain
especially barley and oats, is severely cut in price. The seed
grower cannot afford to offer such seed for sale.
   Capping the shocks is an aid in maintaining good color. By
threshing the cap bundles separately it is an easy matter to keep
the color uniform. For feeding purposes color is important only
in so far as it may be an index to odor and hence palatability
of the grain.
   Shocks should not be set on any of the low places in the field
where water is liable to stand in case of heavy rains. The bundles
will not readily dry out and the grain will be badly damaged. It
pays to guard against this danger by building the shocks on the
high ground., One additional -word-by all means. shock every
bundle of grain. It is next to impossible to expect the bundles to
cure out by allowing them to lie on the ground until time to haul
them.
   Do you shock thresh?-Shock threshing is the only possibility
in the large wheat areas of Kansas and the Dakotas where help is
scarce and rainfall scant. Although a little cheaper than stack
threshing it is a poor practice for a humid climate like that of
Wisconsin. Adverse weather conditions and chances of heating in
the bin cannot be avoided where shock threshing is practiced-. It
would be much better either to stack the grain or put it in the
barn. allowing it to go through the natural sweating process. This
practice alone assures one of seed grains having good quality in so
far as this feature of their production is concerned.
    In case of threshing from the stack, the bundles on the top and
 bottom of the stack are liable to be injured from too much mois-
 ture. The grain in these may be musty and discolored. It is a
 good plan to dump the grain from these bundles into the feed bin.
 It will guarantee larger profits for feed than for seed.
    At present it would be impossible to do anything else but shock
 threshing in some districts because that has become the established
 custom and the threshermen will not return to the neighborhood
 for one small job of stack threshing. However, it ought to be pos-
 sible for a sufficiently large number of farmers of a neighborhood
 to get together and agree to do only stack threshing. From the
 seed viewpoint it surely pays.
    Storing grains.-The storage of seed grains should receive
 greater attention than that of feed grains. The successful preser-
 vation of either depends upon the same principle-keeping them
 in a dry, cool place that is clean and mouse proof.
     Cheap seed is expensive seed.-It is an unwise policy to save
 the cent on the seed and lose the dollar on the crop. With seed
 grain that has been properly selected and stored, treated with
 formalin next spring to guard against the losses from smut, graded
 and cleaned by means of the fanning mill, it is safe to say that
 proper precautions have been taken to insure the largest returns.


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