Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Mortimer, G. B.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 25: proper care of seed vs. feed grain PDF (1015.5 KB)
weather and in extreme cases is often badly injured by partial sprouting. Such grain is of little value as seed and even has had its feeding value reduced. From the standpoint of actual market values good color is an important factor. Badly discolored grain especially barley and oats, is severely cut in price. The seed grower cannot afford to offer such seed for sale. Capping the shocks is an aid in maintaining good color. By threshing the cap bundles separately it is an easy matter to keep the color uniform. For feeding purposes color is important only in so far as it may be an index to odor and hence palatability of the grain. Shocks should not be set on any of the low places in the field where water is liable to stand in case of heavy rains. The bundles will not readily dry out and the grain will be badly damaged. It pays to guard against this danger by building the shocks on the high ground., One additional -word-by all means. shock every bundle of grain. It is next to impossible to expect the bundles to cure out by allowing them to lie on the ground until time to haul them. Do you shock thresh?-Shock threshing is the only possibility in the large wheat areas of Kansas and the Dakotas where help is scarce and rainfall scant. Although a little cheaper than stack threshing it is a poor practice for a humid climate like that of Wisconsin. Adverse weather conditions and chances of heating in the bin cannot be avoided where shock threshing is practiced-. It would be much better either to stack the grain or put it in the barn. allowing it to go through the natural sweating process. This practice alone assures one of seed grains having good quality in so far as this feature of their production is concerned. In case of threshing from the stack, the bundles on the top and bottom of the stack are liable to be injured from too much mois- ture. The grain in these may be musty and discolored. It is a good plan to dump the grain from these bundles into the feed bin. It will guarantee larger profits for feed than for seed. At present it would be impossible to do anything else but shock threshing in some districts because that has become the established custom and the threshermen will not return to the neighborhood for one small job of stack threshing. However, it ought to be pos- sible for a sufficiently large number of farmers of a neighborhood to get together and agree to do only stack threshing. From the seed viewpoint it surely pays. Storing grains.-The storage of seed grains should receive greater attention than that of feed grains. The successful preser- vation of either depends upon the same principle-keeping them in a dry, cool place that is clean and mouse proof. Cheap seed is expensive seed.-It is an unwise policy to save the cent on the seed and lose the dollar on the crop. With seed grain that has been properly selected and stored, treated with formalin next spring to guard against the losses from smut, graded and cleaned by means of the fanning mill, it is safe to say that proper precautions have been taken to insure the largest returns.
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