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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin

Tormey, John L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 19: profitable beef production PDF (1.0 MB)

baby beef production are: it eliminates the "gambles", is a cash
insuring quick returns, less capital is required, and makes use of the
home grown feeds for fattening, and increases the capacity of pastures
for carrying breeding stock.
    How to feed baby beef. Get the calves to eating cracked corn and
bran as soon as possible, gradually changing to shelled corn and cotton-
seed meal, making the ration nine parts corn and one part cotton-seed
meal. Watch your calves and do not overfeed. Alfalfa and clover hay
are the best roughages. Corn silage is indispensable as it furnishes
summer succulence throughout the winter.
    Why fatten cattle? Cattle are fattened to increase the live weight,
and improve the kondition of meat by depositing fat in the tissues,
which process is known as "marbling". Finished animals command
premium on the market.
    What kind of cattle should be fed? Only animals which will make
economical and profitable gains should be selected for feeding purposes.
This will include well bred steers and heifers from one to three years
old, which are not in fit condition for slaughter.
    Where can feeder cattle be secured? Feeder cattle can be secured
on any of the live stock markets. When buying either select the cattle
personally, or deal with some reliable commission house.
     When to buy. The best time to buy is in the fall for at this season
there is less demand for feeder stock.
     How shall they be fed? This problem will have to be solved by
the individual. The concentrates commonly used are corn and cotton-
seed meal. Clover and alfalfa hay are the best roughages. Silage is
the beef man's salvation for fattening market stock, and to aid him
in wintering his breeding cows.
     When to market. Study market conditions carefully, shipping to a
 rising market whenever possible. The best prices for heavy beef are
 secured just before Christmas, but baby beef sells well at all times.
     What to consider before going into the beef business. Remember
 that it is not a get-rich-quick scheme, but that the successful man is
 the one who goes into it in a businesslike way, starts in slowly, studies
 his cattle, and the markets, produces his own feeds so far as possible,
 and learns all he can about feeding. Ile always keeps in mind the
 fact that good beef animals are born and then made. Poor feeding and
 management will make scrubs out of the best bred stock, and spell
 ruin for the owner.

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