Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Tormey, John L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 19: profitable beef production PDF (1.0 MB)
girth,-insuring a strong constitution, thus showing the ability to stand up in the feed lot, and a large "middle" showing capacity for con- suming feed. How can beef cattle of the right type be secured for feeding pur- poses? The most common way has been to buy feeders on the market. This is rapidly being replaced by home breeding of cattle. Good beef cattle can only be produced by the continued use on well bred beef cows, of carefully selected pure bred bulls. What are the market classes of "tak? In order to market cattle wisely it is necessary to know into what class and grade they will go, when they reach the markets. Class refers to the use to which an animal is put, grade is the degree of fitness for that class. The principal market classes are: beef cattle, butcher cat- tle. stockers and feeders, cutters and canners, baby beef, veal calves. "Beef cattle" are the choicest animals put on the market. "Butcher cattle" are not in condition for the beef ca+tle class. and lack-the, qumi- THE BUTCHER'S DELIGHT. ities which make good "feeders"- This is the beef type that- pays It as feeders are classified cows, heifers, rietcurns a maximum proportion of high bulls and steers of poor breeding and joriced cuts of meat. The feeder likes tibs type of animal because the ration quality. Stockers and feeders are suse directly in high class meat un- the cattle which are returned to the country for feeding purposes. Cutters and canners consist of cattle which are very thin in flesh. and are generally old cows which are not desirable for feeding. Cutters are somewhat better than canners, which are the poorest stock on the tarket. v eal caives are crom Lutur U eight weeks old, and intended for slaughter purposes. "Baby beef"' applies to young, well bred, well fattened stock, which is marketed at from twelve to eigh- teen months of age, at a weight of from 800 to 1,000 pounds. It is called "baby beef" because it has been pushed right along from the start, and has not been allowed to THE BUTCHER'S BURDEN. lorse the calf fat. Too many animals of this type are How is, baby beef made? Only unloaded on the market. Such steers HOW iSbaby b Made?(Illy yield a maximum of offal and cheap low down, well bred, early maturing, parts. Their appetites are good and cigh ealves make baby beef. oftentimes they gain fast enough, but high quality cavsmk aybe.without any Improvement In meat These can only be secured by using quality. pure bred bulls on carefully selected cows. Baby beef production. the most profitable form of beef farming, means good blood and high feed- ing. The calf is well fed to the time of marketing. The advantages of E- Pi
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