Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 16: the growing of dairy heifer calves PDF (1.0 MB)
All changes in feed should be made gradually. Foam which forms on separator skim milk should never be fed. It is likely to cause indigestion and scours, bloat or other trouble. Calves should be separated or fastened in stanchions when given their milk and fed dry grain immediately after the milk. This will tend to prevent them from getting the bad habit of sucking one another. The stables should be cleaned regularly and kept dry. If-the stable is provided with a concrete floor it will be worth while to have the damp cold concrete overlaid with inch boarding. Cold draughts of air in the stable should be avoided. In summer it is well to darken the stable to give protection from flies and to keep it as cool as possible. Young calves should never be exposed to a hot scalding sun. Watch calves and keep them free from lice. Thoroughly yashing or dipping calves with a five per cent solution of some of the coal tar disinfectants, and repeating the washing after ten days, is the most effective means of destroying lice. Aim to do everything possible to keep calves gaining in live weight at the rate of 1.5 to 2 pounds daily. Avoid calf scours by keeping the heifers in clean, well-lighted and well-ventilated quarters and feeding them regularly and properly. If any indications of scouring are seen reduce the feed and give from two to four tablespoons of castor oil mixed with one-half pint of milk. In from four to six hours, or at once if necessary, give one teaspoonful of a mixture of one part sal l and two parts sub-nitrate of bismuth mixed with one-half pint of milk. The salol and sub-nitrate of bismuth mixed in the proper proportion can be secured from any druggist. Wetting the navel of the new born calf with a 1 to 500 solution of bichloride of mercury, is considered a safeguard against contagious scours. If for any reason skim milk is not available, whole milk should be fed from three to four months, pains taken to feed choice grain and hay and later silage. The whole milk can be gradually reduced as the calf learns to eat more grain and hay. It requires more or less whole and skim milk and the utmost care to raise calves successfully on whey. After calves have been raised to five or six weeks on whole milk and more or less skim milk, 10 to 14 pounds of fresh, sweet whey fed daily with the best of hay and choice grain mixture will grow calves, but as a general rule, not as success- fully as skim milk. Subject for Decmber Bufetim: "Winter Feeds For Daiy Cove. . .-
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