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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin

Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 16: the growing of dairy heifer calves PDF (1.0 MB)

Home Grown Heifers Are Best
   The easiest, cheapest and best way to get a profit-producing dairy
herd is to grow it.
   Why Raise Heifers?-Some of the reasons for the home raising of
heifers are:-
   It costs less to raise heifers than it does to buy cows;
   The home-raised heifers generally develop into better and more
profitable cows than most of those which can be purchased;
   The herd is better safeguarded from such contagious diseases as
tuberculosis and abortion;
   The dairyman is enabled to secure a herd of cows of uniform
breeding, individuality and ability to produce profitably;
   A comparatively young herd may be kept and from time to time
cows may be sold at good prices;
   The home grown herd is most satisfactory in every way.
   Some Calf Needs-To grow into a profit producer the heifer should
be properly fed and handled from birth. The growing calf needs an
abundance of pure; fresh air and sunlight, a dry, comfortable place
in which to rest, protection from vermin and disease, and kind treat-
ment throughout.
    Stables with good ventilation and abundance of sunlight can be
provided at but little increased cost.
    Feed the Calf Well-It is of the utmost importance that the calves
 which are kept to recruit the herd be well fed from the very start.
 Even before the calf is born the cow should be given a well balanced
 ration suitable for keeping her in perfect health and in condition to
 produce a profitable flow of milk. Dairymen have found that it pays
 to give the cow from six weeks to two months of rest just prior to
 freshening. This allows her to use her feed for the development of the
 foetus and the building up of her strength.
    Feed the Young Calf Often-From birth until the calf is six weeks
 old is the delicate age. For the first two or three days the calf is left
 with its dam. It gets the first milk or colostrum which nature has
 prepared to start the action of the 4igestive organs. If the calf fails
 to get the colostrum, a dose of castor oil or some other substitute is
    When it becomes hungry enough to drink without much coaxing, it
 is given, t4lee or more times daily, from two tq four pounds of the
 damil milk. The wcaker the calf the oftener it should be Ted. The

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