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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin
(1931)

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)


Page 27


SOIL SURVEY OF MANITOWOC COUNTY1 WISCONSIN
Carlisle muck is the most extensive organic soil in the county,
cattered areas occurring in every town. Large areas are ii Rok-
and, Eaton, and Maplegrove Towns. A few drainage'ditchesthav
ieen installed and a few tile lines have been laid inplac% hit ipost
if the land is unimproved. Many areas have b~r 6Ienl     ed f4or
)asture. A few small areas along Mud Creek and MaĆ½itowoc River
re in grass.                       .           ,      I I  I ("\'
Where cleared and drained the chief use now made of Carlisle
nuck is for hay and pasture land. Some corn, root crops, and small
grains are grown, but grain is apt to lodge and corn to be damaged
3y frost. Carlisle muck, where properly drained, fertilized, and
ultivated, has been found suited to such crops as cabbage, lettuce,
elery, and onions. Of the general farm crops, hay does best.
In the improvement of this soil, drainage is the first and most
mportant step. In the large marsh areas, large drainage districts
will be needed.
Carlisle ~uc4, s8hallow phase.-The shallow phase is similar to
Aical Carlisle muck, except in the thickness of the organic layer.
he shallow soil is also slightly darker and more finely divided and
ontains more mineral material.
Peat.-Peat in Manitowoc County consists largely of alternate
ayers of dark-brown and brown material. The dark-brown ma-
erial is very soft and is highly disintegrated, showing little trace
}f the original plant fibers. The brown layers contain some
noderately well-disintegrated fine fibrous material. A small pro-
iortion of mineral matter is present. The organic material appears
o be largely derived from sedges and reeds, some wood, and Hypnium
rd Sphagnum mosses.
The peat areas have all been timbered with cedar, tamarack, and
iardwoods. There is more cedar and tamarack on the peat than
n Carlisle muck. A few small areas have been cleared for farming,
ut crop yields have been very low.
Included open marsh areas consist of light-brown matted peat 36
r more inches thick, the upper part of which is rather coarse and
s apparently derived from poorly disintegrated sedge grasses. The
ower part, which appears to be derived from sedge grasses, moss,
rd wood, is somewhat finer. This is slightly acid.
Peat, shallow phase.-A phase of peat, based on a variation in the
hickness of the organic deposit, is indicated on the soil map as peat,
hallow phase. In areas so indicated the peat is less than 3 feet
hick. In its physical characteristics it is largely better disintegrated
ad darker colored than typical peat.
                       ROUGH BROKEN LAND
 Rough broken land includes areas not mapped as Rodman gravelly
 oam that are too rough and stony to cultivate. Most areas have a
 lope of more than 150. The soil is largely light-brown rather
 ravelly stony clay loam underlain by red clay, light-brown gravelly
 tony silt loam, or reddish-brown friable clay. Rough broken land
 Loes not have the stratified gravel substratum of Bellefontaine grav-
 By loam.
 Rough broken land occurs in narrow areas on steep slopes border-
 rg streams and on low bluffs bordering Lake Michigan. It is mostly
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