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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)

Page 24

                           GENESEE LOAM
  Genesee loam includes areas of alluvial bottom land having a
grayish-brown or light yellowish-brown rather coarse loam or fine
sandy loam surface layer about 10 inches thick. The subsoil con-
sists of stratified layers of light-brown, gray, or yellow loam mottled
with gray and rust brown and containing layers of sand and clay.
The subsoil below a depth of 24 inches is largely sand or gravel.
The surface soil and subsoil are variable in color and texture.
The surface soil is acid in only a few places, and the subsoil is
  This soil occurs in patches along the stream bottoms. The larger
areas are along Branch and West Twin Rivers. The land surface
is low and flat but is cut somewhat by stream channels. The soil
is subject to flooding but is fairly dry most of the summer. Most
of the areas have been cleared or permanent pasture, for which
use the soil is valuable. Very little of it is cultivated.
                         COLOMA FINE SAND
  The surface soil of Coloma fine sand is grayish-brown fine sand to
a depth of 4 inches. This is underlain to a depth of 12 inches by
brownish-yellow fine sand with a very slight trace of red. Between
depths of 12 and 36 inches the material is yellow fine sand in many
places showing a brownish shade. Below a depth of 36 inches there
is pale-yellow loose porous fine sand. In one place, well records
showed the sand to be 85 feet deep.
  Coloma fine sand is a minor soil. It occurs chiefly in the northeast
quarter of the county in areas ranging from 40 to 160 acres in extent.
The land surface is undulating or gently rolling, and there are a
few low hills. Natural drainage is excessive, and crops suffer to
some extent from drought.
  Most of the land has been cleared and is now cultivated. In
Manitowoc County this is a better soil than typical Coloma fine sand
in other counties, owing probably to the presence of more limestone
material. It is devoted to general farming and the raising of some
special crops, though it is better suited to trucking.
                       PLAINFIELD FINE SAND
  The virgin surface soil of Plainfield fine sand to a depth of 2 inches
is brown loamy fine sand containing an abundance of roots and some
leaf mold. In cultivated fields the dark color and much of the
organic matter are soon lost. From 2 to 8 inches the soil is light
yellowish-brown loamy fine sand, beneath which is bright-yellow
fine sand continuous to a depth of 30 inches. Below 30 inches there
is pale-yellow fine sand containing some fine gravel and coarse sand.
  This soil occurs chiefly on lake and river terraces in the northeast
part of the county along the shore of Lake Michigan and in the
valleys of East Twin, West Twin, and Branch Rivers. The largest
area is within and bordering the city of Two Rivers. The land
surface is level or nearly level, and natural drainage is good or
excessive. Over the lower areas the water table is not more than
8 feet below the surface and in the spring is even higher. Thus
there may be an excess of moisture at times over parts of the soil.
Both surface soil and subsoil are in most places slightly acid.

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