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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin
(1931)

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)


Page 23


SOIL SURVEY OF MANITOWOC COUNTYĆ½ WISCONSIN
land would be very desirable, but drainage would not be justified
under present conditions.
                           MAAUMEE LOAM
  Maumee loam to a depth of 6 or 8 inches is black heavy loam, in
places containing a small amount of fine gravel. Between depths of
8 inches and about 2 feet the material is generally mottled gray and
yellow in color. It varies in texture from fine sandy loam to sandy
clay loam. Below a depth of about 2 feet there is mottled yellow,
gray, and brown fine sand. The soil is of alluvial origin.
  Maumee loam is rather variable, especially in surface texture,
which ranges from clay loam to fine sandy loam. This soil is as-
sociated with the soils of the moraines and river valleys where it
occupies low outwash plains or terraces which are poorly drained.
Areas are low, level, and poorly drained.
  Because of its small extent this soil is of little importance. If
drained it would be a good soil but would be a little cold because
of the wet lower subsoil. It is now utilized chiefly for pasture and
hay land. Little of it is cleared and cultivated.
                      EWEN SILTY CLAY LOAM
  Ewen silty clay loam includes areas of alluvial bottom land hav-
ing a light-brown or dark grayish-brown surface soil and a dull-red
or reddish-brown plastic clay subsoil containing seams of sand and
gravel. The soil is largely silty clay loam, but some areas of silt
loam were included in mapping. The surface soil and subsoil are
stratified and vary considerably in short distances.
  Tracts of this land are low and nearly level but are cut to some
extent by bottoms of meandering streams. The soil is all subject
to overflow. It is neutral or slightly acid in the surface soil, but
the subsoil is calcareous. Practically none of the land is cultivated,
Ibut it is valuable for permanent pasture.
                         GENESEE SILT LOAM
  The surface soil of Genesee silt loam to a depth of 8 inches con-
sists of grayish-brown silt loam. Between depths of 8 and 17 in-
ches the material is in most places yellow loamy fine sand, which is
underlain to a depth of 24 inches by mottled gray and yellow sand.
From 24 to 34 inches there is heavy fine sandy loam with brown
iron splotches. This material becomes more sandy with depth.
This soil is variable as mapped. In places the subsoil is silt loam
br heavier material.
  Genesee silt loam occurs along some part of nearly all the stream
courses in the county. Areas are not continuous but are broken
by patches of other soils of the same series and of the Wabash
series. Tracts are low and level and are subject to overflow. Be-
tween floods, which are frequent, some of the land appears fairly
well drained and could be cultivated in places. Some efforts are
made to cultivate small areas, and in some years good yields are
obtained. The land is best suited to pasture, however. It is rarely
acid.
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