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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)

Page 9

color of the red till is usually considered as resulting from the
- of the original material rather than from weathering since
isition. The Kewaunee soils are underlain by the red till and
Bellefontaine by the brown.
ih aver.age depth of the till over the bedrock in most of the county
D and 100 feet. In the northwestern part of the county,
parts of Cato, Franklin, and Maplegrove Towns, the
uch nearer the surface. The depth to rock in Kossuth,
Cooperstown Towns is extremely variable, and outcrops
Bxtensive, as is indicated by the shallow-phase soils and
areas where the depth to rock is 150 feet, like that in the
part of the county near Lake Michigan. In general the
progressively deeper to the south.
developed on the well-drained river and lake terraces
in the Fox, Plainfield, and Superior series. These soils
gly variable in texture, color, and stage of maturity.
ture soils include areas which do not show a consistent
ecause the soil materials have not been deposited or well
ave not been stable sufficiently long to allow weathering
icies to produce a mature profile, areas where the rock lay so
the surface as to prevent deep weathering, areas so steep that
;oil eroded as fast as it formed, and areas of peat or muck where
materials are still largely in the process of deposition. The
ature soils occur on the flood plains of streams, in depressed
oorly drained areas in the uplands, on poorly drained terraces,
eat and muck soils in swamps and marshes, in some sand areas,
nn rouahh broken areas or where the land is shallow and stony.
Genesee. Ewen. and Wabash soils occur on flood plains subject
tion. Members of the Poygan and Clyde series occupy
ained areas within bodies of Kewaunee and Bellefontaine
e Maumee, Granby, and Saugatuck soils have developed on
ained terrace lands.
atest consistent variation in peat and muck soils is in the
h of such material over the mineral subsoil. The sand soils
ide Bridgman fine sand along Lake Michigan, smaller areas of
ima fine sand farther inland, and Plainfield fine sand on the ter-
. Small areas of rough broken land are scattered over the
ity, and small areas of Lo-agrie stony loam were mapped on
low rocky areas in the northern part of the county.
he soils are classified into series and types. Soils of one series
similar in the character of the subsoil, color, structure, and
r features but differ in texture or coarseness of the surface soil.
series may include a number of soil types.
ithe following pages of this report the soils are described in
il, and their agricultural possibilities are discussed. Their dis-
ition is shown on the accompanying soil map, and their acreage
proportionate extent are given in Table 2.

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