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Commemorative biographical record of the Fox River Valley counties of Brown, Outagamie and Winnebago : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, and of many of the early settled families
(1895)

Biographical,   pp. [unnumbered]-[1232] PDF (429.7 MB)


Page 9


COMMIEMORATIVE BIOGRAPICIUAL RECORD.
Fox-Wisconsin route, and made the first
approximately correct map of that water
highway; later, on my return from Galena
to Prairie du Chien, I did the same for
the Mississippi; we then put our notes to-
gether and gave the result to a prominent
eastern map-maker who adopted it as part
of the geography of the country. It was
published in 1829 or 183o, an(d was the
first real map of the country betwx een
Green Bay and Galena. I was much
gratified, afterward, to see that later
official surveys of the Mississippi corres-
ponded exactly with mine. Lyon and I
started down the Mississippi from Prairie
du Chien on a very primitive sort of
steamer; there were two xessels like
Mackinaw boats, with a platform between
and a shed built on that-it was, in fact,
a steam catamaran. During the entire
time court was in session at the Prairie,
we staid at Galena, and then Judge Dot)
and Rowland came down and joined us
there. After a few days, Lyon and I went
on what was then a decidedly novel trip,
an expedition through the mining region
north of Galena," which they found over-
flowing with prospectors, miners, and a
certain nondescript class that might be
catalogued as " camp followers," in all
fully two thousand men. After their in-
spection of the mining country, the party
returned home from Galena the way they
had gone, meeting with no special ad-
venture.
    In the spring of 1829, in company
with Wistweaw, a Menomonee Indian,
and Alexander Grignon, a young half-
blood Menomonee, as assistants, Judge
Martin and judge Doty, starting from
Green Bay on horseback, traversed the,
up to that time little known, region south
of the Fox and Wisconsix rivers, and are
believed to have been the first party to
make the trip by land between the ex-
treme outposts of this section-Green
Bay and Prairie du Chien. At the latter
place judge Doty held a term of court,
and Judge Martin officiated as United
States district attorney, pro tlen. Their
return trip was also by overland, but with
some change of trail, and on both jour-
neys they were greatly struck with the
beauty of the lake country and its adapta-
bility for becoming the abode of civilized
life. They passed along the north bank
of Fourth lake, where eight years after-
ward, in 1836, Judge Martin laid out the
- City of the Four Lakes," and the coun-
try they traversed on this novel journey
was 'in the words of Judge Martin him-
self), "after reaching a distance of thirty
miles from Green Bay, more charming
than any we had ever beheld, with its ex-
tensive oak openingsand almost unlimited
prairies. There was not, however, a
trace of occupancy or any indication that
it had ever before been traversed by white
men.i
    In October, 1829, the first public
meeting in the history of Green Bay was
held there, Louis Grignon being chair-
mnan, and Judge Martin, secretary. Con-
gress was petitioned to build a road from
Green Bay to Chicago, and also to im-
prove the Fox and Wisconsin rivers. In
1833 the Judge paid his first visit to Mil-
xwaukee, while on a horse-back tour of
exploration, on which occasion he was
accompanied by Daniel Le Roy and P.
B. Grignon, and as far as Fond du Lac
their course lay on the same trail our sub-
ject and Judge Doty had made in I829.
After that they struck southeast to the
shore of Lake Michigan, following it
closely until the Milwaukee river was
reached. At their destination they met
Solomon Juneau, the trader, whose home
was the " old trading house," and he and
Judge Martin became fast friends, their
business relations continuing many years
-in fact they were joint owners of the
original plat of Milwaukee; and such con-
fidence had they in each other, that no
written memorandum of the terms of
their partnership was ever made between
them; yet at the end of three years ac-
counts between them were adjusted, and
" property valued at hundreds of thous-
ands divided with as little difficulty as
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