16th annual report of the county agricultural agent in Wood County Wisconsin. 1936
Wood County agricultural conservation program, pp. 1-2 ff. PDF (1.4 MB)
-8- Farm income has been reduced from approximately five million dollars aiinually for the 3000 farmers in .,ood County In 1929 to approximately two and one-half million dollars. With the income reduced, many farm taxes are not paid, homes are not cared for, neither is recreation or amusement provided for, medical attention is not provided for members of the farm family, and the farm stand- ard of living is forced downward at a rapid rate. The payments on the Soil Conservation Program, as well as those on the Corn-Hog Program and Zugar Lest Proeram will enable many farm- ers to make necessary re-airs on buildings and make home im:rove- ments besides building up their soil fertility and checking soil ero- sion. In many oases the payments on the Loil Conservation 2rogram will adequately take care of all soil building practices and provide cooperating farmers with sufficient money to take care of any expen- ses made necessary due to the shift from soil depleting to soil con- serving acres.. Meetings were held in practically every tovnship in the county dur- ing the first ten days of April Which were attended by approximately 2300 farmers. At these meetings the %.oil Conservation Program w^ > explained and the other soil improving practices discussed, inolud- ing the early cutting of timothy, soil fertilization, and pr.sture improvemeit. Committees were elected by farmers in each township or district 'Where meetings were hold and these 64 committeemen were sent out with a supply of work sheets to secure the data from each farmer necessary for the county allotment coxmmittee to make the ad- justments on the soil deploting acres in the county. The State Soil Conservation Committee gave the County of Wood a maximum number of acres of soil tiopleting crops which could be allowed under the program. The County Agricultural Agent was re- sponsible to a considerable degree, in getting this soil depleting base for the county fixed at the highest possible figure. .djust- ments were made by tho Wood County roil Conservation Committee (committoe eleotod by thc township or community oommitteemen). Mach farmer was given a notification of his base by the committee and was given at loast one week's time to accept or mel'e an appeal. .djust- ments were made by the committee in an extremely fair and impartial way with the idea of allotting each fcrmer a large onough base to give him an opportunity to run his farm on a three or four year ro- tation. Approximately 2,400 farmers have mado application for measure- ment under tho Soil Consorvation Program before Sovember lst. Maps have boen prepared by farm reporters who have bccn trained to make the maps. Office help has boon secured to ohcok, compute, and cal- culate the maps. Each farmer will be given an application form show- ing the total soil depleting and soil conserving acres. le will then make application for a grant and unless he makes application no grant will be rade to him. The entire program has beon completoly voluntary and no farmer has been unduly urged to narticipate in the program. On the other hand, the office of tho County Agricultural Agent has been oxtromely anxious that the entire information concerning the program be made available to Ufor vwithin the borders of the county.
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