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Satz, Ronald N. / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume 79, No. 1

Appendix 5: Treaty Commissioner Henry C. Gilbert's explanation of the treaty concluded in 1854 with the assistance of David B. Herriman,   pp. 177-179 ff. PDF (960.7 KB)

Page 177

Appendix 5
Treaty Commissioner Henry C. Gilbert's Explanation of the Treaty
   Concluded in 1854 with the Assistance of David B. Herriman
                                               Office Michigan Indian Agency
                                                    Detroit October 17th.
  I transmit herewith a treaty concluded at LaPointe on the 301h Ultimo between
Mr. Herriman and myself as Commissioners on the part of the United States
the Chippewas of Lake Superior and the Mississippi.
  On receiving your letters of August 10th, 121h, and 14th, relative to this
treaty, I
immediately dispatched a special messenger from this place by way of Chicago,
Galena and St. Paul to Mr. Herriman at the Crow wing Chippewa Agency trans-
mitting to him your letter requesting him to meet me at LaPointe with the
and Headmen of his Agency at as early a day as possible. I adopted this course
preference to sending a messenger from La Pointe on my arrival there for
purpose of saving time and I was thus enabled to secure the attendance of
Herriman and the Mississippi Chiefs some 10 or 12 days earlier than I could
otherwise have done.
  I left for LaPointe on the 26th. of August last and arrived there the 1st.
day of
September - Mr Herriman meeting me there the 14'h. of the same Month.
  By this time a large number of Indians had assembled -including not only
those entitled to payment but all those from the Interior who live about
Lakes de
Flambeau and Lake Courteilles. The Chiefs who were notified to attend brought
with them in every instance their entire bands. We made a careful estimate
of the
number present {0135} and found that there were about 4.000. They all had
to be
fed and taken care of, thus adding greatly to the expenses attending the
  A great number of traders and claim agents were also present as well as
persons from St. Paul's who I had reason to believe attended for the purpose
preventing if possible the consummation of the treaty. The utmost precautions
taken by me to prevent a knowledge of the fact that negotiations were to
take place
from becoming public. The Messenger sent by me to Mr Herriman was not only
trust worthy but was himself totally ignorant of the purport of the dispatches
Major Herriman. Information however of the fact was communicated from some
source and the persons present in consequence greatly embarrassed our proceedings.
  After Major Herriman's arrival we soon found that the Mississippi Indians
not be induced to sell their land on any terms. Much jealousy and ill feeling
between them and the Lake Superior Indians and they could not even be prevailed
upon to meet each other in council. They were all however anxious that a
should be made of the payments to become due under former existing treaties
a specific apportionment made betweeen the Mississippi and the Lake Superior
Indians and places of payment designated.

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