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Haywood, Carl N. (ed.) / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume 75 (1987)

Clifton, James A.
Wisconsin death march: explaining the extremes in old northwest Indian removal,   pp. 1-40 PDF (18.7 MB)


Page 11

Wisconsin Death March 
Chief Buffalo (Psheke). Old Psheke of La Pointe, the senior leader and speaker
of the Lake Superior shore line Chippewa bands, led the opposition to resettlement
in the west and the drive for reservations in Wisconsin. The marble original
of this portrait bust was carved from life by Francis Vincenti in Washington,
1855. Chief Buffalo was then about ninety-six years old, and he died later
the same year. Courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol, Washington, D.C.
misconception. Indeed, since they had lit- On the American side of the conference
tle to lose and much to gain, they domi- table, although instructed to obtain
an nated the proceedings, intimidating their outright sale of the whole region,
Goverkin from east of the Mississippi. The few nor Dodge repeatedly said
he wanted only leaders from interior Wisconsin, whose control of the pine
forests. Recognizing lands were being disposed of, arrived late an opening
when they saw it, the Chipand scarcely raised their voices.27 pewa instructed
their official speakers, 
11 


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