Haywood, Carl N. (ed.) / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume 75 (1987)
Clifton, James A.
Wisconsin death march: explaining the extremes in old northwest Indian removal, pp. 1-40 PDF (18.7 MB)
Wisconsin Death March Chief Buffalo (Psheke). Old Psheke of La Pointe, the senior leader and speaker of the Lake Superior shore line Chippewa bands, led the opposition to resettlement in the west and the drive for reservations in Wisconsin. The marble original of this portrait bust was carved from life by Francis Vincenti in Washington, 1855. Chief Buffalo was then about ninety-six years old, and he died later the same year. Courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol, Washington, D.C. misconception. Indeed, since they had lit- On the American side of the conference tle to lose and much to gain, they domi- table, although instructed to obtain an nated the proceedings, intimidating their outright sale of the whole region, Goverkin from east of the Mississippi. The few nor Dodge repeatedly said he wanted only leaders from interior Wisconsin, whose control of the pine forests. Recognizing lands were being disposed of, arrived late an opening when they saw it, the Chipand scarcely raised their voices.27 pewa instructed their official speakers, 11