Whitford, Philip; Whitford, Kathryn (ed.) / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume 74 (1986)
Long, Charles A.
Pleistocene caribou in central Wisconsin, pp. 12-13 PDF (722.1 KB)
= -~— ,-~-4~ 0 5 ~ 14 ~ --~---~-~ - ~=-, 2G 11 PLEISTOCENE CARIBOU IN CENTRAL WISCONSIN 12 CHARLES A. LONG Department of Biology University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point In the summer of 1985, Jack and Mona Zelienka found an antler while excavating their peat bog 6 miles southeast of Coloma, on County JJ in the township of Richford, Waushara County, Wisconsin. The antler was stained and heavy with mineral replacement, obviously of great age, broken at all distal aspects (during excavation), and was shed from a Late Pleistocene caribou (Rangifer tarandus). The bog, which had been previously excavated 10 to 12 feet in some places to create a pond, was deepened to nearly 30 feet. Subsequently the antler was discovered in the excavated sediments of marl and peat; its depth in the peat was estimated at between 12 and 25 feet. The bog is sited near the proposed Ice Age Trail along the Wisconsin terminal moraine in Cary drift. This is the first record of the caribou from central Wisconsin, and one of but a few for the state. The antler (all in one piece) consists of a brow tine (or "shovel") with tip broken away (length 153 mm); a main beam approx Fig. 1. Antler of caribou excavated from peat in Richford Township, Waushara County, Wisconsin.
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