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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Koch, H. F.
Outdoor rose growing,   pp. 157-168 PDF (3.0 MB)

Page 168

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over them,-which was unnecessary, of course, and when he
uncovered them-in the spring they had all rotted off. Out of
about 35 or 40 roses I think there were three or four left. Those
are blooming today, and they certainly are doing very well, but
there is danger that they will also die as long as they stay there,
for whenever a thaw occurs, water is liable to get in.
MR. WILSON: How far apart do you set the roses in the bed?
MR. KOCH: That depends on the variety; with the Hybrid
Perpetuals, usually about two feet, or possibly a little more. I
like to have them fairly close together, for the reason that it
keeps the ground cool. You spread them too far apart, and
you have to work around too much, and I really find the other
way better. With the Hybrid Teas, of course, you can plant
them about fifteen inches apart; but with the climbers you should
have at least a good three feet between them. Otherwise they
will take nourishment away from each other, and they will not
do quite as well as they should.
MRS. STRONG: What time in the fall do you plant roses?
MR. KocH: Just as early as I can get the plants. I have
been usually able to get them early in October. They make a
root growth, and that is just what we want.
MR. CHRISTENSON: About pruning; how severely do you
prune? Usually most amateurs do not prune severely enough.
MR. KocH: I have two or three eyes on each cane, and no
more; and if that particular wood is not good and strong and
healthy, I cut it down still further. You must remember that
pruning is the life of the rose.
MR. CHRISTENSON: Do you prune them closely when you set
them out?
MR. KOCH: I do not believe I pay much attention to the
pruning of the plants as I get them from the nursery in the fall.
I think I leave them just as they are. I do not remember just
what I did before, but I would judge it does not make any differ-
ence, because the plants, as you get them from the nursery in
the fall are about right, if you buy two or three year old plants.
Of course, if you buy very small plants, on their own roots, that
is different. I have been a little bit ambitious, and I tried to see
what I could do with hybrid tea climbers in this climate. I
ordered several hybrid tea climbers which are supposed to be
very good, and this particular nurseryman said, "We have not
any two-year-old plants, but we are sending you one-year-old
plants." When they came-they cost 35 cents apiece, but it was
not a question of money,-they were about two or three inches
tall, just little slips that had been stuck in sand, and just rooted.
Now, you cannot expect much from such plants.

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