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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Koch, H. F.
Outdoor rose growing,   pp. 157-168 PDF (3.0 MB)

Page 167

growth which starts from below the bud. It is very thorny, with
small spines. If the minute one of these sprouts appears you dig
right down and cut it off close to the stem, you will have no
trouble. You may have to do that once or twice, but after the
plant is in the ground several years I do not believe you will
have that trouble at all. I have had it only the first year or
two, until the top part was thoroughly established. You can
readily detect it, and after you once know it you will never for-
get it.
A MEMBER: What is your suggestion about the proper depth
for planting?
MR. KOCH: You do not want to plant too deep. Plant just
about as deep as, or a little deeper than, the plants were as they
were set in the nursery. Planting too deep is not good. It is
apt to cause the upper stem to rot off.
SECRETARY CRANEFIELD: How do you protect the f all set
plants ?
MR. KOCH: Just the same as the others. There is no differ-
ence. They have a covering of from ten to twelve inches of soil,
and then on top of that a quantity of leaves, litter and straw;
whatever I pick up.
MR. LANG: Is it necessary to put in sub-drainage?
MR. KOCH- On my place, when I began, I found that I had
a certain amount of depression; that is, my back line was some-
what depressed, probably eighteen or twenty inches deeper than
the surrounding part. I started, and as so many do, to put them
in the middle, to give them plenty of sun, as I was advised to do.
But that place was low, and I soon found after a year or two,
that they did not do so well, so I took them away because during
the winter water accumulated there. I planted them on a little
higher ground toward the north side of my house. It is abso-
lutely necessary, if your place is moist, that you provide drainage,
otherwise they certainly will be winter killed. That has been
demonstrated many times. A friend of mine who is certainly an
enthusiast, who spends all his spare time with his flowers, a man
of very artistic temperament, loving beautiful things, went to
no end of expense in preparing his rose bed. He has a wonder-
ful garden; an Italian effect on a small scale. He started to
make his rose beds, and he made three or four of them, and did
it all himself, and he put them in a low place. I told him, "I am
afraid you are going to lose your roses during the winter." He
said, "I will take good care of them, and nothing will happen
to them. I am going to cover them, to build a house over them,
and I will see that they come through all right." Well, he
planted in the spring, and the plants were received rather late.
They did not get quite as good a start as they should have had.
Then in the fall he covered them well. He built a regular shed

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